A Different Story About Race in America

first_imgI saw the woman sitting on the ground leaning against the outside of the retail store. I couldn’t tell whether she was hurt or just taking a little break. It was almost 100 degrees outside; she might have just needed to sit in the air conditioning for a few minutes.Something wasn’t right. I looked at my wife. She looked at me. Neither of us could tell if the woman needed help. But as we got closer, I saw the woman struggling to breathe and noticed something about her eyes wasn’t quite right.I said, “Honey, I think she needs help.” My wife is a nurse, and she immediately leaped into action. She started speaking with the woman, and she tried to take her pulse. Then I was ordered to go and get a paper bag. I ran into the store and retrieved the paper bag. I was too late. When I returned the woman had already thrown up.Now, in addition to my wife, there were two African American security guards (one male, one female), one older African American lady, and one young white lady. All were surrounding the sick woman on the floor.My wife instructed me to go back to the store, this time for paper towels. I ran back to the store, told the woman behind the counter what I needed, and she handed me two rolls of paper towels. When I returned with the paper towels, a young, hispanic, female security guard showed up with an ice pack. My wife put the ice pack on the back of the sick woman’s neck. The hispanic security guard ran to get another ice pack. The male African American security guard had just returned from running to call the paramedics.We were now joined by an elderly Asian lady who came over to make sure we didn’t need anything else.The poor, sick woman was horribly embarrassed and crying. She didn’t want to call her husband because she didn’t want him to worry. Everyone tried to console her, telling her that there was nothing to be ashamed of; she was sick.African American people stopped to help the sick woman, who also happened to be African American. White people stopped to help the sick African American woman. An hispanic woman twice ran for ice. An Asian woman stopped to help, too.What was noticeably in short supply were men. Of any race.I know for a fact that racism is alive and well in the United States; I am fortunate to not have been subject to it, but I’ve witnessed it firsthand. I know that sexism and ageism are alive and well, too. Which is to say nothing of discrimination based on social class. But I believe, as President Obama stated yesterday, that each generation is better than the one before it when it comes to these issues. No doubt there is still work to be done. But I witnessed another story. A different story.No one left the sick woman’s side until the paramedics arrived.last_img read more

Grant and Elena Cardone on Confidence VS Arrogance and Why Anyone Can Sell Successfully – Episode #33

first_imgPodcast: Play in new window | Download (88.5MB)Subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Android | Email | Google Podcasts | RSSGrant Cardone has become a well known figure in the business world and most people you talk to either love him or hate him. Why? Because he’s willing to call things like he sees them. He’s happy to tell you that your game is not big enough. He’s eager to get in your face to push you to a higher level. And he’s perfectly content telling you that your main problem is you. On this episode Anthony gets Grant on the line to chat about what made him into the business success that he is, how he trains 4 year olds to sell successfully, and why confidence is something that can be built just like a muscle. Whether you love Grant or hate him, there’s great stuff for you to learn from this episode.If you want to change your life, you’ve got to have a different lane to switch to ~ Grant CardoneClick To TweetBeing self oriented is not a bad thing.Of course everyone needs to have the ability to care about others. But that’s not what Grant Cardone is talking about when he says that self orientation is a good thing. What he means is that everyone needs to be concerned for their own welfare, their own success, and their own ability to make something of their lives. It’s THAT drive that enables people to accomplish big things, great things, things that matter in the world. On this episode of In The Arena Grant Cardone is asked what he thinks of the people who say he’s arrogant and the tables get turned a bit, so be sure you listen to hear Grant’s insightful response.Confidence can be taught, just like a muscle.People have this strange idea that they are wired to be either confident or unconfident. But that’s not true. Grant Cardone stresses that confidence is something that can be grown, just like a muscle. It takes very hard work and a sense that what you have at present is not enough to make you as successful as you want to be and could be. Be sure to listen to this episode to find out how Grant says people have to go about building their confidence and becoming a success in life and business.The way to get comfort is to give up comfort to go for freedom ~ Grant CardoneClick To TweetAre you sold on your own product?Many salespeople give up on appointments with their prospects too early simply because they run out of belief that their product is the perfect solution for the prospect’s problems. Grant Cardone emphasizes how important it is for sales professionals to be sold on their own product before they even pick up the phone to prospect or set an appointment. It’s that confidence in the solution they have to offer that enables them to push past the objections and fears of their potential customers to help them see the answer that the product will bring to their situation.Why you should not want to be in the middle class.The middle class is not a safe place to be. Why? Because it’s the middle class that bears the burden of the failing economic system we live in. They are the ones who have to worry about meeting their bills. The middle class are the ones who are impacted by layoffs and market downturns. The middle class is stuck in the middle without much hope of getting out. That’s why Grant Cardone believes that the only way toward freedom is to move up and out of the middle class. Find out how Grant coaches people to move their game to a higher place so that they can experience the benefits of true freedom.I don’t want to be in the middle class. I don’t want my friends or employees to be there either ~ Grant CardoneClick To TweetOutline of this great episode Anthony’s introduction to Grant Cardone. Dealing with the randomness of a customer interview (and an interview with Grant Cardone). Why Grant doesn’t think being self-oriented is a bad thing. What happened to Grant between 10 and 25 that changed his life. The power of having vision about what you could be. How Grant Cardone is driven by fear (as all of us are). Mindset, attitude, fear, hustle, and how they lead to success. Why salespeople don’t want to take responsibility for their failures. The amazing things that happen when you are sold on your own product. Why building confidence is exactly like building muscle. How anyone (even a 4 year old) can be trained to successfully sell. Who is doing well in the economy today? Why money doesn’t make you secure and what you should do in response. The 3 biggest things Grant tells people to do in order to get out of the middle class. Your problem is not the top 1% of earners, you are your problem. How you can get Grant’s products.Resources & Links mentioned in this episodeCNBC show, “The Profit.”Grant Cardone Sales Call Video TrainingGrant Cardone video training a 4 year old to sellGrant CardoneFollow Grant on TwitterGrant’s killer YouTube channelGrant’s success newsletter1565114205The theme song “Into the Arena” is written and produced by Chris Sernel. You can find it on SoundcloudConnect with AnthonyWebsite: www.TheSalesBlog.comYoutube: www.Youtube.com/IannarinoFacebook: https://www.facebook.com/iannarinoTwitter: https://twitter.com/iannarinoGoogle Plus: https://plus.google.com/+SAnthonyIannarinoLinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/iannarinoTweets you can use to share this episodeYou don’t get what you deserve, you get what you ask for ~ Grant CardoneClick To TweetMost people want to avoid fear and pain. That’s why they’re not willing to hustle ~ Anthony IannarinoClick To TweetIf I don’t take responsibility, I’m giving it to someone else, making myself a victim ~ Grant CardoneClick To Tweetlast_img read more

The Price You Pay for Work-Life Balance

first_imgIf you want to succeed at work, you must pay for that success with time and focused energy. That time and energy has to come from somewhere, each of us starting with 24 hours in each day.If you want family to be at the center of your life, that also requires time and focused energy. It mostly requires a presence, something that many of us struggle with because, while our body is present, our minds can be far away, still at work.Taking time from one of these provides more time for the other. If you believe that work and family are most important, then there are other places from which you can pay for that time.You can take time away from watching television, even the sports and shows that you most enjoy. Sporting events take hours of time that you might use for something you value more. This is not to say that one shouldn’t watch television, but that one cannot complain about not having time if they spent 8 hours watching television over the course of a couple days.You can also pay for work-life balance by getting up much earlier in the morning. If you don’t want to take time from your family to devote to work, then work when your family is asleep. Get up at 5:00 AM instead of 6:30 AM and give yourself an hour and half of time to work when the people you care about don’t care about spending time with you. It’s true, to wake up at 5:00 AM and get 7 hours of sleep, you will have to be asleep at 10:00 PM. But, if you have kids, they’ll be long asleep by then. If you have teenagers, they won’t want anything to do you anyway.The idea of a weekend off is only a hundred or so years old. Before the Industrial Age, you worked as much as was necessary without regard for weekends. Weekend mornings between 5:00 AM and 9:00 AM give you an additional workday each week. While others work 5 days and 40 hours, you get an additional eight hours. You can block the rest of your Saturday and Sunday for time with your family and friends.The very idea of balance is more a measurement of your fulfillment than it is hours, but know that hours spent in one area are hours that cannot be invested in another. You must pay for time, but the decision as to how to pay for that time is up to you. In all cases, you have to forego something to have the time for something you want more. Get the Free eBook! Learn how to sell without a sales manager. Download my free eBook! You need to make sales. You need help now. We’ve got you covered. This eBook will help you Seize Your Sales Destiny, with or without a manager. Download Nowlast_img read more

India opens two border crossing points with Myanmar, Bangladesh

first_imgIndia has opened two immigration check posts along the borders with Myanmar and Bangladesh, official notifications said. In a gazette notification, the home ministry said the central government has designated Zorinpui land check post in Lawngtlai district of Mizoram as an authorised immigration check post for entry into or exit from India with valid travel documents for all classes of passengers to or from Myanmar. In a separate notification, the ministry said the central government designated Kawrpuichhuah land check post in Lunglei district of Mizoram as an authorised immigration check post for entry into or exit from India with valid travel documents for all classes of passengers to or from Bangladesh. Zorinpui was selected for a new land custom station along the Indo-Myanmar border in Mizoram for the Kaladan multi-modal project. The remote Zorinpui is 287 km away from Sittwe Port in Myanmar. An agreement on Zorinpui was included in the joint statement issued during the visit of the then prime minister Manmohan Singh to Myanmar in May, 2012. Kawarpuchiah is situated in Mizoram along a riverine border with Bangladesh. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had visited Myanmar for two days from September 5, the first bilateral visit to the neighbouring country. India shares a 1,643-km-long border with Myanmar which touches Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. India shares a 4,096-km-long border with Bangladesh which touches Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya and West Bengal.last_img read more

Bengal dengue outbreak, result of unplanned urbanisation: experts

first_imgBengal dengue outbreak result of unplanned urbanisation, say expertsSoumya Das, KolkataRapid and unplanned urbanisation is the key reason behind current outbreak of dengue in West Bengal, experts said. They are of the opinion that large scale construction works in Kolkata as well as in semi-urban areas are providing ample breeding grounds to the female Aedes aegypti mosquito, the vector of the disease, which breeds in clean stagnated water. As per latest government estimates 40 people died due to dengue while at least 20,500 have been diagnosed with the disease. Elaborating on the urban nature of dengue eminent virologist and former head of parasitology department (study of parasites) Amitava Nandi said that the Aedes aegypti mosquito mostly breeds in stagnated water in artificial containers. “Social change due to urbanisation has triggered a sharp increase in the use of artificial containers in the cities. Now products which were earlier sold in paper bags are coming in plastic packets and containers providing more breeding space to the female Aedes aegypti mosquito,” Dr. Nandi told The Hindu.He also argued that with the use of containers spreading to semi-urban and rural area dengue is no longer confined to large cities As for Kolkata he said that large scale use of artificial containers-which are not disposed properly-is the key reason behind the spread of dengue. “The same can be said for the rural areas of West Bengal where increased urbanisation has resulted into a spurt in the use of plastic containers leading to increase in Ades aegypti mosquito population,” said Dr. Nandi.Experts also pointed out that unplanned building construction without proper drainage system in semi-urban and rural areas is contributing to the spread of dengue there.“Even in rural areas of North 24 Paraganas district (which according to the State government is the worst affected with dengue) unplanned building construction without proper drainage system has increased over the last decade,” said Shanta Dutta, director of the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED).She also said that this year till September, the about 15% of the blood samples at NICED tested positive with dengue. “Since late September it has gone up to 40 to 45%,” she added.The severity of the situation can be gouged from the fact that currently 108 dengue patients are admitted only in the State run Belieaghata Infectious Diseases (ID) hospital. “Apart from these 108 patients there are 214 other patients are admitted here with fever. If they are diagnosed with dengue the number of such patients will increase further,” said U.K.Bhadra, principal of the hospital.As for the solution to the dengue crisis experts pointed out that so far there is no proper medicine available for the dengue and only supportive treatment can be provided to the patients.“Dengue deaths can be avoided with early detection and proper treatment. Increasing public awareness about the disease is also key to tackle the situation,” said Dr. Dutta. (EOM) casouRapid, unplanned urbanisation is the main reason behind the current outbreak of dengue in West Bengal, experts have said. They are of the opinion that large-scale construction work in Kolkata as well as semi-urban areas provide ample breeding ground for the female Aedes Aegypti mosquito, the vector of the disease, which breeds in clean stagnated water. As per the latest government estimates, 40 people have died due to dengue while at least 20,500 have been diagnosed with the disease. Meanwhile, the Calcutta High Court on Friday instructed the State government to file an affidavit on the dengue outbreak in the State within a week.Elaborating on the urban nature of dengue, eminent virologist and former head of parasitology department (study of parasites) Amitava Nandi said the Aedes Aegypti mosquito mostly breeds in stagnated water in artificial containers. “Social change due to urbanisation has triggered a sharp increase in the use of artificial containers in the cities. Products which were earlier sold in paper bags are coming in plastic packets and containers providing more breeding space to the Aedes Aegypti mosquito,” Dr. Nandi told The Hindu.He said with the use of containers spreading to semi-urban and rural areas, dengue was no longer confined to large cities. “Earlier, Delhi and adjoining areas were known to be the hotbed of dengue as air coolers provided a perfect breeding space for Aedes Aegypti,” he said.As for Kolkata, he said even though air coolers were not used in the city, large-scale use of artificial containers, which were not disposed properly, was a key reason behind the spread of dengue. “The same can be said for the rural areas of West Bengal where increased urbanisation has resulted in a spurt in the use of plastic containers,” said Dr. Nandi.Experts also pointed out that unplanned building construction without proper drainage system in semi-urban and rural areas contributed to the spread of dengue.“Even in the rural areas of North 24 Paraganas district (which, according to the State government, is the worst affected), unplanned building construction without proper drainage system has increased over the last decade,” said Shanta Dutta, director of the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED).She also said that this year till September, about 15% of the blood samples at NICED tested positive for dengue. “Since late September, it has gone up to 40 to 45%,” she added.Dr. Dutta pointed out that dengue was a “climate sensitive disease” and areas with high temperature and population density were more likely to be affected by it. Senior journalist Debdut Ghosh Thakur, working on vector borne diseases, describes dengue as a typical urban disease. “Metropolitan cities usually witness high number of dengue cases due to a large number of construction work which creates more spaces where water accumulates,” said Mr .Ghosh Thakur.The severity of the situation can be seen from the fact that currently 108 dengue patients are admitted in the State run Belieaghata Infectious Diseases(ID) hospital. “Apart from the 108 patients, there are 214 admitted here with fever. If they are diagnosed with dengue, the number of patients will increase further,” said U.K. Bhadra, principal of the hospital.As for the solution to the dengue crisis, experts pointed out that so far there was no proper medicine. Only supportive treatment could be provided to patients.“Dengue deaths can be avoided with early detection and proper treatment. Increasing public awareness about the disease is also key to tackle the situation,” said Dr. Dutta. Sources in the State administration said the “current dengue outbreak has put the State government in a spot and it is suppressing related data to avoid further embarrassment.”HC seeks reportThe Calcutta High Court on Friday instructed the West Bengal government to file an affidavit on the dengue outbreak in the State during a hearing of three public interest litigation pleas filed over the issue. “The High Court has asked the State government to file an affidavit by next Friday stating the number of deaths due to dengue this year as well as the number of people diagnosed with the disease. The court also asked the Bengal government to clearly state what steps it is taking to tackle the situation,” said Partha Ghosh, one of the lawyers involved with the PILs.Meanwhile, West Bengal Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi has expressed concern over the spread of dengue and other viral diseases in the State. “Governor Tripathi has written a letter to the State government to the effect that, in view of the serious nature of all these diseases and the concern expressed by a large number of the population in this regard, all efforts should be made for treatment as well as prevention of these diseases,” said a statement issued by the Raj Bhavan.last_img read more

Lalu leaves for Delhi, to be treated at AIIMS

first_imgPatna Incarcerated Rashtriya Janata Dal chief Lalu Prasad on Wednesday left for Delhi to get treatment at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences. A medical board at a Ranchi hospital, where Mr. Prasad was undergoing treatment, had earlier recommended that he be shifted to AIIMS. The court and the State government too approved the recommendation.last_img

Assam student leader joins outlawed ULFA

first_imgA leader of the influential All Assam Students’ Union, who went missing a month ago, has joined an outlawed extremist group that “provides the only platform for the State to defeat India’s colonial design”.Pankaj Pratim Dutta, vice-president of a central Assam unit of the AASU, uploaded a video on social media on Wednesday claiming to have joined the Paresh Baruah-faction of the United Liberation Front, or ULFA-Independent. He had gone missing from Golaghat district’s Dergaon in September.“I apologise to AASU members for taking the decision to join ULFA-I without informing them. I firmly believe there is no alternative to ULFA-I in protecting the existence of Assam through the fight for sovereignty. Once warriors, we the Assamese are forced to bow before the Indian government on every issue,” Dutta said in the video, holding an AK-47 automatic rifle.AASU president Dipanka Kumar Nath said the union had been worried after Dutta went missing. “He is the first student leader to join the ULFA in more than 15 years,” he said.Officials of the Assam police’s intelligence wing said there have been reports of ULFA-I carrying out recruitment drive, particularly in eastern Assam. “There is no reason yet to think this has become a trend,” a senior officer said.Dutta’s claim of joining the extremist group has coincided with protests against the NDA government’s bid to pass the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016.last_img read more

PM must embrace Kashmiris with love: Omar Abdullah

first_imgNational Conference leader Omar Abdullah has urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi to put into action his promise made from the ramparts of the Red Fort to embrace Kashmiris with love. Speaking at a youth conclave here on Saturday, former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister said the leadership in New Delhi must be held accountable for the commitments made to the people of Kashmir.In the backdrop of the death of a Quick Reaction Team (QRT) jawan in a stone pelting incident in south Kashmir’s Anantnag district, Mr. Abdullah said such incidents only demonise the entire population of which a small fraction believes in violence and stone throwing. “When they (stone pelters) kill a soldier who was merely patrolling, they lose the moral high ground. When a life like this is lost, the violence does not achieve anything. But in effect, the entire population of the State gets demonised when not everyone is a stone pelter,” the NC leader said. Urging the BJP government at the Centre to translate Mr. Modi’s words into action, Mr. Abdullah said if the country and leadership is not held accountable to the promise of autonomy, the problem of J&K cannot be resolved in the next 30 years. “Atal Bihari Vajpayee spoke of democracy and humanity. Mr Modi himself has promised twice to win the hearts of the people of Kashmir, and hold them in embrace. We can keep talking about Kashmir for years to come if these words are not put into action,” he said. While warning Pakistan of not fishing in troubled waters, Mr. Abdullah said India cannot buy its way out of the problem in J&K. “Politically, the State of J& K has been tinkered with. I am not saying all mistakes lie at the door of New Delhi, even Pakistan has been fishing in troubled waters trying to punish us for 1971. However, we cannot buy our way out of this problem. Neither is development a solution. Unless we engage in brewing political trouble, this problem cannot be wished away.”last_img read more

IIT-Guwahati student from Andhra found hanging in hostel room

first_imgA 20-year-old student from Andhra Pradesh, pursuing Electronics and Communication Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology-Guwahati (IIT-G), was found hanging in his hostel room on Monday evening.IIT-G officials said other boarders altered the guards after they found Pannem Pavan Siddhardha had not emerged from his room for an unusually long time. “We are yet to ascertain the reason behind his death,” an official of the technology institute said on Tuesday.The parents of Siddardha called up his friends at IIT-G around 5 p.m. asking them to connect him to them as Pannem was not picking up his phone, sources said. On entering his room, the friends found Pannem hanging from the ceiling fan. They immediately rushed him to the campus hospital where he was declared brought dead, the sources said.Siddhardha was a fourth semester student. His was the fourth such case in IIT-G since 2016.In September last year, a first semester Mechanical Engineering student named Nagashree S.C. was found hanging in her hostel room. The police found that the 18-year-old girl from Karnataka had left behind a note saying she wanted to be a teacher and not an engineer.Kishore Barua, a 25-year-old contractual employee was found hanging in his room on the IIT-G campus in August last year. Sarkar Intekhab Alam from Murshidabad in West Bengal was found dead similarly in May 2016. He was a post-graduate student.The first case of unnatural death was reported in 2014 when the body of 19-year-old Tushar Yadav, an Electronics and Communication Engineering student of the institute, was found behind his three-storey hostel building. Investigation by the police revealed that Yadav, from Gurgaon in Haryana, had jumped from the hostel rooftop.Additional inputs from PTI(IIT-Guwahati helpline for students in collaboration with Saathi: 8486814024. Suicide prevention helpline: Sanjivini, Society for Mental Health. Telephone: 011-4076 9002, Monday-Saturday.)last_img read more

Odisha BJP releases charter of promises

first_imgThe Odisha unit of the BJP released a charter of promises on Saturday, assuring shelter for homeless, records of rights for landless and employment for youth. The charter called ‘Pratisruti Patra’ is like a printed declaration where people seeking home, land or jobs can fill up their personal details and submit the document at the party office. The forms are also being collected by the BJP workers and acknowledgement receipts are being issued to the applicants.The BJP while releasing the ‘Pratisruti Patra’ here announced that it would fulfil the promises upon being voted to power.“The Naveen Patnaik government during its 19 years of rule failed miserably. According to official statistics, 27.48 lakh families do not have roof over their head while 25 lakh landless people are yet to have records of rights in their name,” alleged Dharmendra Pradhan, Union Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister. “About 25.57 lakh houses were allotted to poor during the United Progressive Alliance regime [at the Centre]. Each dwelling unit measured 20 sq metre and financial assistance to the tune of ₹75,000 was being given. After the Narendra Modi government came to power, the number of dwelling units went up to 1.4 crore while the assistance was doubled,” said Mr. Pradhan.He said that the NDA government has promised that nobody would be left without roof, power, and LPG gas connection by 2022.“Mr. Patnaik enjoyed power thoroughly during 19 years of his rule, while Mr. Modi spent 55 months in service of the people,” said Mr. Pradhan. “In its 2014 manifesto, the BJD had promised housing for all, but everybody knows how many families have got roofs over their heads,” he said.Cong. declaration This exercise of releasing a written charter of demands had been adopted by the State Congress too, which had issued guarantee cards to its supporters when party president Rahul Gandhi had visited Rourkela on February 6. The party had promised minimum basic income for poor and crop loan waiver. It had also assured financial assistance for higher education and marriage of girl child, water supplies in every household and steps to prevent violence against women.last_img read more

Police use water cannons to disperse protesting farmers in Punjab

first_imgAhead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Chandigarh, several farmers on Tuesday staged a protest on the Mohali-Chandigarh boundary against the BJP-led government at the Centre and Punjab’s Congress government for adopting what they called an indifferent attitude towards their plight.The Chandigarh police used water cannon to disperse the farmers as they started their march to “gherao” the Raj Bhavan in Chandigarh. They had assembled from across Punjab and were stopped at the Mohali- Chandigarh boundary.The agitated farmers, under the banner of the Kisan Mazdoor Sangarsh Samiti, shouted slogans against the Centre and the State government, accusing them of failing to address farmers’ concerns. Farmer leaders said over a dozen farmers sustained injuries as the police used force.“We are protesting against the RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, a proposed free trade agreement) because it is detrimental to the interest of farmers. India should keep itself out of RCEP,” Sarvan Singh Pandher, president of the Punjab unit of Kisan Mazdoor Sangarsh Smiti, told The Hindu.Mr. Singh claimed that over dozen of farmers have sustained injuries following the use of force by the Police.“Neither the Centre nor the State government has fulfilled it promises on farmer welfare. Implementation of the Swaminathan Commission report, which had recommended fixing the minimum support prices for crops at levels at least 50% more than the weighted average cost of production is required urgently because lower prices of agricultural produce disproportionate to the prices of farm inputs have resulted farmers landing into the debt trap,” Mr. Singh said.Mr. Singh said the Punjab government should ensure complete loan waiver for farmers. “Farmers suicide across the State is only rising, the government should waive all outstanding loans, whether private or government loans against the farmers and labourers,” he said.Mr. Singh said that following an assurance by a representative of the Punjab Governor, farmers have for now decided to call off their protest. “A representative of the Governor has assured us of a meeting on June 4, hence we have decided to lift our protest for now,” he said.last_img read more

Top Stories: Compulsive Gambling, Doggy Origins, and Sand Flea Sex

first_imgOld Dogs Teach a New Lesson About Canine OriginsThe story of dogs began thousands of years ago, when gray wolves began sidling out of the shadows and into the company of humans. There’s little argument about that scenario, but there’s a bit of a dogfight about when and where it took place. Now, DNA from the fossils of ancient dogs and wolves—a new source of evidence—suggests man’s best friend originated in Europe, from a now-extinct branch of gray wolves.Lawmakers to Examine Bill Renewing U.S. ResearchSign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Haggling is heating up on Capitol Hill over a big chunk U.S. science policy. Lawmakers are beginning work on legislation that would shape how the National Science Foundation and other key science agencies do their jobs and how much money they’d be authorized to spend. But some scientists are pretty unhappy with a few of the proposals.Gamblers More Attracted to Money Than SexCompulsive gamblers aren’t greedier than the rest of us—their brains may just be wired to favor money over sex. Their tendency to prioritize cash over more basic desires like sex resembles other addictions like alcoholism, researchers say, and could point toward new ways to treat pathological gamblers.Treatment for Dormant Malaria Shows PromiseThe first new drug in half a century to target malaria parasites in liver cells, one of their best hideouts, is showing encouraging results. Clinical trial results for tafenoquine have been so promising that researchers will soon start a phase III trial—the last step before asking drug regulators for approval.Sex and the Single Sand FleaA researcher in Madagascar was so interested in sand fleas that she let one live inside her foot—for 2 months. Her intimate observations paid off: She figured out how sand fleas have sex. It seems the parasites most likely copulate when the females are already inside their hosts. (Yep, that includes humans.)last_img read more

NSF Plans Changes in Graduate Fellowships, Traineeships

first_imgWithin a 2015 budget request that is nearly flat, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has proposed beefing up its signature Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP) and reworking its approach to graduate traineeships. The twin goals are in line with the Obama administration’s approach to training the next generation of scientists and engineers.In budget documents unveiled Monday at a media briefing, NSF officials describe their plan to raise the annual GRFP stipend to $34,000 in 2015. That would be an increase of $2000 over the current level. NSF gave students a similar $2000 boost in 2013 after holding the size of the stipends steady at $30,000 for a decade.Those two increases would require an 11% hike in NSF spending on the GRFP, to $333 million. That growth points to the high status of GRFP within NSF’s education directorate, which is seeking an increase of 5%. It also dwarfs the 1.2% increase for the agency as a whole.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)And that’s not all. The 2015 boost, if endorsed by Congress, would follow a 23% jump in the program this year, to $300 million. That large increase was needed to accommodate both the previous bump in stipends and the final year of a 5-year program expansion. Students are allowed to use the 3-year fellowships over a 5-year period, and 2014 marked the first year every class was at NSF’s target size of 2000.Although four of five graduate students receiving NSF support are funded through grants to their mentors, the fellowships are seen as especially prestigious. That’s because they are portable—students can use them at any academic institution—and because the program is highly competitive.In 2008, the outgoing Bush administration endorsed a tripling of the GRFP, to 3000 new fellows a year. The Obama administration quickly embraced the idea, which draws upon the work of Harvard University economist Richard Freeman in demonstrating the program’s value in attracting and retaining top scientific talent.NSF last year considered further expansion, says acting Director Cora Marrett. But agency officials balked after they tallied up the cost of both a larger and more generous program. “Our initial request for 2014 was for something like 2500 [fellowships],” Marrett explains. “But when we looked more closely, we realized that it would be nearly impossible to sustain the program at that level. It’s just not workable under the current budget conditions. So we worked with [White House budget officials] to bring the size back down to 2000.” The 2015 request would maintain that level for the next class.At the same time that NSF is pumping up the existing GRFP, it is retooling its traineeship grants, the agency’s third—and smallest—mode of support for graduate students. Traineeship grants are awarded to universities, which select the students to participate. For the past 15 years, NSF has used its flagship traineeship program, called IGERT (Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship), to attract students into particular fields where there were a dearth of candidates—or a sudden demand for graduates—and where interdisciplinary training would be especially valuable.But in last year’s budget request, NSF proposed converting IGERT into the more broadly named NRT (NSF Research Traineeships). The change was part of a hastily crafted effort by the Obama administration to streamline and reshuffle science education programs across a dozen federal agencies.Although Congress rejected the reorganization, NSF has soldiered on within its areas of expertise, in particular undergraduate and graduate science education. Thus, its 2015 request includes a plan to launch what Marrett calls “a new model of research training,” with a solicitation about NRT expected to hit the streets shortly.“IGERT has been very successful,” she notes. “But IGERT had to be attached to particular topics, such as sustainability. We intend to use the NRT model to address whatever happens to be the most significant challenges facing graduate education right now. That could include preparing students for a very different work experience than in the past.”The transition has initially meant a smaller investment in traineeships. IGERT’s budget dropped from $64 million in 2013 to $55 million this year, and NSF has requested $58 million in 2015 for NRT. Within that amount, however, is $7 million for universities to propose novel ways to carry out graduate training. The program, called Innovation in Graduate Education, won’t directly support graduate students; instead, it is intended to allow schools with traineeships to test out new ideas that will reach a larger student audience. “We want to have a broader impact on campus,” explains Jim Lightbourne, acting deputy assistant director for the education directorate. “That might include master’s-level students as well as Ph.D. students.”As is the case for the agency as a whole, NSF’s plans to improve graduate education will be affected by the reaction of the congressional spending panels that oversee its budget. And this year, those plans may get additional scrutiny from members of the House of Representatives science committee.On Thursday, the committee’s research panel is expected to mark up a bill authorizing NSF programs that includes a requirement that GRFP cannot grow any faster than IGERT (or its successor). That language seems incompatible with the disparity in NSF’s 2015 request for the two programs. So how those differences get worked out could have a major impact on NSF’s graduate programs.last_img read more

ITER unites House science panel

first_imgThe promise of fusion energy has temporarily bridged the wide gap that separates Democrats and Republicans on the science committee of the U.S. House of Representatives. But that meeting of minds wasn’t the only surprise to emerge from an oversight hearing Friday on the status of ITER, an experimental fusion reactor being built in France that has been plagued by rising costs and construction delays.Representative Lamar Smith (R–TX), chair of the full committee, and Representative Eric Swalwell (D–CA), the top Democrat on the energy panel that conducted the hearing, have sparred repeatedly this year over a wide swath of pending legislation. But they were in the same corner in praising the massive international project to achieve sustained ignition of a burning plasma, the first step in building a commercial reactor to generate power.“This experiment is absolutely essential to proving that magnetically confined fusion can be a viable clean energy source,” Swalwell declared in his opening statement. His words were immediately followed by a comment from Smith that “I agree completely with the ranking member.” Swalwell returned the favor later in the hearing, observing that “I was delighted to hear the chairman’s remarks about how ITER could get us to a carbon-neutral source of energy … and really make moot a lot of the back-and-forth debate in this town about fossil fuels versus other sources of energy.” Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)ITER has followed a long and tortuous path since it was first proposed in 1985. And last fall an independent review slammed ITER’s weak central management structure and called for numerous reforms that the international ITER Organization is now trying to implement. The problems have made it impossible for U.S. officials to come up with a firm budget and timeline for the country’s contribution to the project, which is now estimated to cost $20 billion. At the hearing, Frank Rusco of the U.S. Government Accountability Office said the U.S. contribution is “more likely to cost from $4 billion to $6.5 billion” than the $3.9 billion that the Department of Energy (DOE) estimated in April, which itself was more than four times the original estimate made in 2006.Smith and Swalwell also bonded over their disappointment with the Obama administration’s 2015 budget request for ITER of $150 million. That figure is some $75 million below what DOE had previously decided was needed each year to uphold the U.S. commitment to ITER without damaging the domestic fusion research program. On 10 July, the House approved a 2015 spending bill that would provide ITER with the full $225 million. But even that level, Swalwell said, “falls well below what is necessary to optimize the project schedule and minimize the total cost to taxpayers.”Swalwell pushed Patricia Dehmer, the acting head of the Office of Science at DOE, to explain how the administration chose that level of support. “Was the $225 million cap an arbitrary ceiling, based on what was thought to be politically palatable, or was it a bottoms-up project estimate to minimize the total cost to taxpayers?” he asked.“It was not bottoms-up, as you say,” replied Dehmer, a longtime DOE science administrator. “But it was also not arbitrary.” The context, she said, was that ITER project leaders were telling DOE that they needed “upwards of $350 million a year” at a time when there was “no international baseline and no U.S. baseline and there were rumors of significant cost growth and schedule delays.” This was taking place as the government-wide spending cuts known as sequestration were going into effort, she added, “and there were many other projects that we were trying to support at the time.“So we made a decision … that we could not provide this project with everything that it was requesting. And we chose $225 million,” she says, because DOE believed that number “would allow us to go forward and deliver what we had promised, so as not to delay the project, but would also allow us to do other things in the Office of Science.”The hearing opened with a surprising confession from the chair of the energy panel, Representative Cynthia Lummis (R–WY). “Welcome to a hearing on a project that a week ago I didn’t even know existed,” announced Lummis, who was elected to Congress in 2008 and became chair of the energy subcommittee last year. However, the 59-year-old legislator quickly reassured those in attendance, noting that a high school classmate had kindly brought her up to speed.“Last night I had a long conversation with Jeff Hoy,” she said, referring to the former DOE project manager for ITER, now a consultant in her home town of Cheyenne. “Who would have thought that I’d be talking about ITER to someone I hadn’t seen in decades?”Speaking to ScienceInsider after the hearing, Hoy confirmed that the two had spoken yesterday. “We talked for 15 minutes,” he says. “She asked about the international agreement and the in-kind contributions that the United States has agreed to make. [The United States was a founding partner of ITER in 1985 but dropped out in 1998, only to rejoin in 2003.] She also asked whether the other six partners were committed to the project, and I told her they are.” The other ITER partners are the European Union, China, India, Japan, South Korea, and Russia.Hoy, who described himself as a “strong supporter” of the project, said that some advocates worry that the Obama administration is trying to “punish the project” by lowballing its contribution in hopes of winning support for needed management reforms. And ITER appears to enjoy much less support in the Senate, where a spending panel has proposed a $75 million appropriation that would, in effect, force the U.S. team to close up shop and pull out of the project.Lummis told ScienceInsider after the hearing that she’s “definitely opposed” to the Senate’s approach. But she is concerned about how the other partners feel about the lack of a firm financial commitment by the United States and said that one reason for the hearing was to see if U.S. officials were keeping up their end of the deal despite the uncertainty.“We’ll see what happens,” she said. “From what I heard today, it sounds like we are doing everything we are supposed to be doing.”last_img read more

Why hasn’t this asteroid disintegrated?

first_imgPlanetary scientists have found an asteroid spinning too fast for its own good. The object, known as 1950 DA, whips around every 2.1 hours, which means that rocks on its surface should fly off into space. So apart from gravity, some other sticky force—identified in a new study—must help to hold the asteroid together.Astronomers have known that the vast majority of asteroids do not revolve faster than once every 2.2 hours. Beyond this limit, outward centrifugal forces exceed the gravitational pull the asteroid exerts on surface rocks, and the asteroid falls apart. But there are dozens of asteroids that spin faster than this theoretical cutoff. One idea is that these outliers are solid, metallic bodies with a tensile strength that would allow spins of any speed. But scientists tend to favor a “rubble pile” model—clumps of gravel and grit held together loosely—and these porous objects would not be able to resist a spinning self-destruction.To figure out why that doesn’t happen, Ben Rozitis, a planetary scientist at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and colleagues took a closer look at 1950 DA, a near-Earth asteroid 1.3 kilometers across that orbits the sun every 2.2 years. The asteroid achieved notoriety in 2002, when astronomers announced that it had a one in 300 chance of hitting Earth in the year 2880, though that probability has since diminished to one in 19,800. The team knew the shape and size of the asteroid from abundant astronomical observations. Calculating its mass and density was more challenging.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Sunlight falls on parts of the asteroid and is retained as heat that provides a tiny propulsive force. This retained heat—and the resulting force—can be modeled by observing the asteroid in the infrared. By comparing these forces to small drifts in the asteroid’s measured orbit, Rozitis and his colleagues were able to calculate its mass, which was 2.1 trillion kilograms.With the mass in hand, the researchers could then calculate gravity’s strength over the entire asteroid. They found that on about half of the asteroid’s surface—mostly near the equator where things spin the fastest—rocks should be flying off. Indeed, observations suggest that the asteroid’s surface is relatively smooth, and Rozitis and his colleagues calculate that any rocks larger than 6 centimeters across would have been lost already.What’s keeping the remaining small rocks and dust on the surface? The researchers suggest van der Waals forces, weak forces caused by the attraction of polar molecules, which have slightly different charges on different sides of the molecule. For example, water molecules exhibit surface tension because of van der Waals forces, because the negative charge of one water molecule’s oxygen atom is attracted to nearby water molecules’ hydrogen atoms, which have a positive charge at their surfaces. Similar attractions could be occurring between molecules on the surfaces of different pieces of dust and rock. Rozitis says that the forces would be comparable to those that caused lunar dust to stick to astronauts’ space suits.The paper, published online today in Nature, is a nice demonstration for a particular asteroid of a phenomenon that has been suspected for a long time, says Keith Holsapple, a planetary scientist at the University of Washington, Seattle, who was not involved with the work. “They look at it and say there must be some cohesion.” He’s not sure if van der Waals forces are sufficient to keep the asteroid together, however. Most laboratory estimates of these forces have been made with uniformly sized spherical particles, and he would like to see a variety of shapes and sizes tested in order to better approximate the textures of an asteroid.Regardless, Holsapple says, it’s clear that small, fast-spinning asteroids like 1950 DA are fragile—and that they could easily be surrounded by a halo of rocks and particles that have been flung off. With NASA’s human exploration program targeting asteroids—and with some companies planning to mine asteroids in the distant future—asteroids like 1950 DA might best be left off the shortlist of targets, he says.last_img read more

Gates Foundation to require immediate free access for journal articles

first_imgBreaking new ground for the open-access movement, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, a major funder of global health research, plans to require that the researchers it funds publish only in journals that offer immediate open access.The policy doesn’t kick in until January 2017; until then, grantees can publish in subscription-based journals as long as their paper is freely available within 12 months. But after that, the article must be open access, meaning it is free for anyone to read immediately upon publication. (The journal could be entirely open access, or it could be a hybrid that offers an open access option.) Articles must also be published with a license that allows anyone to freely reuse and distribute the material. And the underlying data must be freely available.The immediate access requirement goes further than policies of other major biomedical research funders in the United States and Europe. Most encourage their researchers to publish in immediate open-access journals, but allow delayed access after an embargo of 6 to 12 months. (Most subscription-based journals, including Science, allow authors to comply with those policies.) The Gates Foundation will also pay the author fees charged by many journals for open access.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)“By reinforcing the global health community’s commitment to sharing research data and information, we can accelerate the development of new solutions to tackle infectious diseases, cut maternal and child mortality, and reduce malnutrition in the world’s poorest places,” wrote Trevor Mundel, president of the foundation’s Global Health Division, on the group’s website on 20 November.The policy is “truly a giant step forward for Open Access policies!!” wrote Heather Joseph, executive director of the open-access advocacy group SPARC in Washington, D.C., in an e-mail to the group’s members.The Gates Foundation spends about $900 million a year on its global health programs, mostly on research. That results in roughly 1400 research papers a year, 30% of which now appear in open-access journals, according to foundation communications officer Amy Enright.*Clarification, 2 December, 10:57 a.m.: This article has been modified to clarify that the Gates Foundation policy requires that the individual article be open access, not the journal.last_img read more

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