Nurses Use 3 Thermometers on Thousands

first_imgThe Government of Liberia has begun testing citizens in eight counties for the deadly Ebola disease.This testing of individuals is meant to control the spread from counties believed to be highly infected with the killer disease.Several counties, including Bomi, Lofa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Bassa, Margibi Montserrado and Grand Gedeh, have been controlled to regulate the movement of people going in and out of those areas.The Daily Observer recently discovered that the control process as announced by the Liberian government took a different dimension as the temperatures of those leaving from one area to another were tested by nurses assigned at various checkpoints using only three thermometers.The testing process has been questioned by some segments of the Liberian society, including foreign nationals who visited Bomi over the weekend.Bomi County is among eight counties quarantined by the Liberian government.In an interview with the Daily Observer over the weekend, Mr. Shang Guan, a Chinese national, said the intention of the government is good but is also dangerous to the health of citizens and foreigners alike.Mr. Guan refused to be tested with any of the three thermometers used by the county health team at the Bomi checkpoint.He said the use of manual thermometers to check the temperature of travelers as a means of containing the spread of the deadly virus was not the right thing to do. Experts have said that one way the deadly Ebola virus is spread is through contact with bodily fluids. Thermometers are either inserted in the mouth or under the arm, both of which involve the transfer of saliva and sweat respectively.According to him, since the virus quickly spreads and kills 90% of its victims, it would be prudent for authorities at the Health Ministry to use advanced rather than standard thermometers that do not involve physical contact with individuals.“I was worried about taking the test because even if you have malaria your temperature will be high and even if that person has Ebola, it might spread to the others just by the use of the so few thermometers”, Mr. Guan said.He disclosed that what was even more scary to him was that all those who were being tested used the same three thermometers, with nurses having physical contact with travelers. Such a situation is highly risky for the people of Liberia.The Chinese national hailed Liberians as well as foreigners alike who have cooperated with the testing, but suggested that the limited thermometers being used must be well sanitized to avoid endangering the lives of others.Another Liberian, Oscar Dolo, who was seen at the checkpoint said, the process was poorly coordinated by the county health authorities.He added that the process was hampering their free movement from one area to another.“I came since this morning and spent over two hours at this checkpoint. Those health workers who were to come early were the last to arrive, keeping us here for hours.”According to Dolo, the process is good but he advised that the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare should handle the process properly to have it well done.  He added, “What is not done well is not done at all.”Speaking to a team of Liberian journalists under the supervision of the IREX and the Liberia Media Center training program, the Registered Nurse (RN) and focus person at the youth friendly center, Gabriel E. Moore, said the process is intended to run a fever test and not to carry out a complete physical test.Additionally, Mr. Moore said they were given a direct mandate to only carry out a fever test for people crossing over from one county to the other.“One of the signs of the Ebola virus is fever and so what we are basically doing is to just search for fever and if one has fever we send that person back to his or her community.” When asked by the team of reporters as to what was the next step if a person is diagnosed with fever, Mr. Moore said, the individual will be sent to his community and if there should be any other measure it would be communicated to the health team.Responding to the complaints made by passengers and drivers who expressed frustration with spending a night and several hours at the check point, Moore  admitted that they arrived at the area late on grounds that their mandate came late.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

E-Government and Open Government: The Path toward E-Democracy

first_imgver the years, Liberia has made strides in every sector especially in ICT sector. As a result these strides, we have adopted comprehensive e-government and open government programs that involve the use of the internet and its technologies to enable traditional government processes and practices for enhancement of democracy. Many people argue that both e-government and open government are the same. But this is not entirely so. There is a fundamental difference between both of them: e-government gravitates toward service delivery while open government gravitates toward information sharing in a more participative and collaborative way. In this article I discuss e-government and open government. I provide some insight on their origin in the USA and then on move on to discuss Liberia’s involvement with both initiatives. First, let’s provide a definition of both e-government and open government. Electronic Government or E-Government is defined by the World Bank as “the use by government agencies of information technologies that have the ability to transform relations with citizens, businesses, and other arms of government. These technologies can serve a variety of different ends: better delivery of government services to citizens, improved interactions with business and industry, citizen empowerment through access to information, or more efficient government management. The resulting benefits can be less corruption, increased transparency, greater convenience, revenue growth, and/or cost reductions.E-Government offers the potential of increased convenience to the public by making such services available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, coupled with the advantages of improved accuracy and also reduced cost to the government, deriving from its requiring little or no direct interaction with a government employee.Open Government is defined by the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) as “the transparency of government actions, the accessibility of government services and information, and the responsiveness of government to new ideas, demands and needs.” Open Government is a result of President Barack Obama’s use of the Internet and Social Media technologies during his 2008 Presidential bid. Referred to as the first Internet Presidency, Obama and his transition team immediately sought to translate the features of the “Internet Campaign” to the day-to-day administration of the executive branch. Thus on January 21, 2009 President Obama issued a Presidential Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government giving directive to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to promulgate an Open Government Directive within 120 days. The Open Government Initiative strives to create an unprecedented level of openness in U.S. Government. The Open Government memorandum, released in 2009, mandated that Federal Agencies will “be transparent in their work, will be participatory in seeking the ideas and expertise of citizens, and will be collaborative in how they use new technology and processes for developing Government policies. The Open Government Initiatives required Agencies to change the processes, mechanisms, and the underlying technology that were used to communicate with the public, and opened up decision-making processes that had previously been internal to public participation and collaboration.Open Government can be seen as an evolution of E-government because it (open government) would not be possible without the outcomes created by E-government and the advances made in technology, policies and cultures over the last decade.The idea of e-government began years ago. In the United States, it began with Senator Joseph Lieberman and then ended up with the e-Government Act of 2002. E-government initiatives began over a decade ago while the new Open Government began after the Obama elections. Both initiatives share many similar goals and characteristics, the largest being that they both strive to make the government more transparent. Yet, they are not synonymous. They are different efforts that are overlapping phases in an incremental growth towards E-democracy. A significant difference between the United States e-Government and Open Government initiatives are the “tools” that strengthen them. E-government efforts in the United States and many other countries are directly enabled by law (United States E-Government Act of 2002). The United States Open Government initiative is not enabled by law although supported by the Freedom of Information Act. Another difference between e-Government and Open Government is that e-Government places focus mostly on the use of technology within the routine activities undertaken by public organizations. This includes the provision of public services, the quality and cost-effectiveness of basic government operations, citizens’ engagement and consultation, the statutes and legislative mandates required to effect these processes, and the administrative and institutional reforms undertaken in pursuit of innovation. Open Government has a goal of making information and decision making processes in government accessible to citizen examination and input, and in so doing, create democratic structures that facilitate citizens’ social and political judgement about the outcomes of government work.Prior to E-Government and Open Government in the United States, other programs were instituted by President Bill Clinton. The National Performance Review and The Partnership for Re-inventing Government existed before e-Government and Open Government Programs. Figure 1Liberia’s e-Government initiative is being championed by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications through the Chief Information Office and Project Management Office, while its Open Government initiative (Open Government Partnership) is being championed by the Ministry of Information, Cultural Affairs and Tourism. Both initiatives have achieved a lot since their conception although there are several other aspects as far as maturity levels are concerned that remain to be completed. Unlike the United States and other countries e-government programs, Liberia’s e-government program is not supported by any law even though it is enshrined in the National ICT and Telecommunications Policy 2010-2015. In addition, the e-government initiative has been facing several challenges in achieving a “Whole of Government” approach to using ICT for the delivery of services to the public. As a result, each Ministry, Agency, and Commission (MAC) operate “siloed” ICT platforms that is very costly for the Liberian Government. As far as where Liberia is in terms of e-Government implementation, using the E-Government Maturity Model from the Gartner Group 2002 research, it is safe to say that Liberia is between stages 1 and 2. Figure 2 illustrates Liberia’s current position in e-Government.Figure 2The Open Government Partnership on the other hand, has made substantial progress in a very short time, through the leadership of Hon. Andrew Temeh, Deputy Minister of Information for Administration. Hon. Temeh’s good leadership and organizational skills have gotten the Open Government Partnership endorsed by the Liberian Government. What is lacking in the Open Government Partnership initiative is a national portal that allows citizens to play a more participate, collaborative role. In every democratic nation, engaged citizens often seek clear and credible information from the government about how it carries on its business. They want government information, services, and communication to be forthcoming and swift. The E-Government and Open Government initiatives fill the need of connecting citizens with their governments and each other to foster a more open, collaborative, and efficient public sector through the use of new technology and public data.The idea of using new technologies to support and enhance, expand or re-invigorate democratic practices is not novel. What new technologies have done in this regard is to amplify the political voice of the ordinary citizen. E-government was a first and crucial step towards E-democracy. However, the Open Government initiative is not the end-state solution. It is the most recent maturation of the governments’ growth towards E-democracy. There will likely be an initiative that follows Open Government as a new future administrations enter the political spectrum. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

easyJet cabin luggage explained and how to maximise your hand baggage allowance

first_img56x45x25cm including handles and wheelseasyJet Plus cardholders can also take an additional bag to be placed under the seat in front of you. Maximum size 45x36x20cm  10kgOne hand luggage bag and one duty-free shopping bag purchased at the airport£12 per kilo at the airport KLMThomas Cook Aegean Airlines ReturnOne wayMulti-cityFromAdd nearby airports ToAdd nearby airportsDepart14/08/2019Return21/08/2019Cabin Class & Travellers1 adult, EconomyDirect flights onlySearch flights Map ReturnOne wayMulti-cityFromAdd nearby airports ToAdd nearby airportsDepartReturnCabin Class & Travellers1 adult, EconomyDirect flights onlySearch flights Map UPDATE:easyJet’s hand luggage policy has been impacted by the UK Government’s ban on laptops and tablets in cabins, on direct flights to the UK from Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, Tunisia and Saudi Arabia. Full details here.How can you save money on easyJet baggage allowances?Now that easyJet have done away with their guaranteed cabin baggage policy, we’ve got seven suggestions for you, to make sure you definitely won’t be caught out by baggage charges.1. Buy a new cabin bagMaking sure your bag doesn’t exceed the maximum dimensions is a given, but to have a good chance of making it into the overhead lockers, it may be time to bite the bullet and simply switch to a smaller bag. You’ll save money on checking luggage into the hold, and save on stress at the airport worrying about whether your bag is too big, (which is priceless).Where can I buy a hand luggage bag?Most luggage stores sell bags specifically designed with airline measurements in mind.Read our Skyscanner staff reviews of the best cabin bags on the market. easyJet cabin bag sizeeasyJet hand luggage weight allowanceNumber of bags allowed onboardCost to check in oversized hand luggage Get even more travel goodness straight to your inbox.Sign up  Ryanair easyJet hand luggage allowance: size, weight and fees easyJet hand luggage allowanceYou’re allowed one cabin bag on board but, to make life easier, there’s no weight limit so you just need to be able to lift it into the overhead locker. To save any hassle, make sure your bag (including wheels and handles) is 56 x 45 x 25cm to fit within the easyJet hand luggage size.center_img easyJet hold luggage allowance: size, weight and fees RelatedJet2 luggage allowance explained and how to maximise your hand luggage allowanceWhat is Jet2’s hand luggage allowance and how can you avoid paying last minute baggage fees at the airport? Get all the facts with our essential guide to Jet2 baggage.Lufthansa hand luggage explained and how to maximise your cabin baggage allowanceWhat size cabin bag can you take on a Lufthansa flight? How heavy can your luggage be and how much does checking your bags cost? Here’s everything you need to know about Lufthansa hand luggage allowance and restrictions, plus their rules on hold luggage. Oh, and we’ve got top tips…British Airways luggage allowance explained and how to maximise your cabin baggage allowanceBritish Airways recently restricted cabin luggage size: find out what the new BA cabin baggage allowance is and what their charges are for hold luggage, plus how to beat the airline fees! Dreaming of your next adventure? Fly away with some of our most popular airlines: easyJet hold baggage sizeeasyJet hold luggage weight allowanceNumber of hold bags allowedCost of easyJet hold luggage and Flybe are common alternatives on domestic flights in the UK, while Jet2  fly to popular budget destinations in Europe like Spain. Restrictions differ between them though – for example, Ryanair have a weight allowance (up to 10kg) and Hungarian airline WizzAir  charge for anything larger than a laptop or a handbag. Check out our guide to luggage sizes and weight restrictions to compare more European short-haul airlines.Need more practical travel tips? Check these articles out:Airline baggage allowances and information from Skyscanner Everything you need to know about the luggage allowances with all of the UK’s major airlines including Ryanair, British Airways, Jet2 and Thomas Cook.Don’t take these on holiday! 10 tips on what not to packSave on space, save lugging your luggage around, and even go hand baggage only – take our valuable advice on what not to pack in your suitcase.Top suitcases tried and tested Looking to buy new luggage? Find out which suitcase came top in our tough test…Skyscanner is the world’s travel search engine, helping your money go further on flights, hotels and car hire.Information correct as of 1st May 2019, obtained from http://www.easyjet.com/en/help/baggage/cabin-bag-and-hold-luggage. Please always check the latest guidance at http://www.easyjet.com/en/help/baggage/cabin-bag-and-hold-luggage before booking a trip Total size of all bags must be under 275cm – add the length, width and height of bag to calculate thiseasyJet has a range of bag options 15kg, 23kg or up to 32kgUp to 3 items of hold luggage per passengerOnline £13.99 – £33.99At the airport £37 – £47These fees can vary depending on the route you’re flying and weight of the bag  2. Keep calm and carry on using your old bagInstead of panicking in the face of this revolutionary rule change, you could just carry on with your carry-on. As long as your hand luggage is within the size restrictions stated above, all easyJet are saying is that they cannot guarantee that there’ll be space for it in the cabin. If the flight is full and you’re last in the queue, you might get to the gate and they say “sorry, there’s no room at the inn, it’s going in the hold”. But really, what’s so bad about that? You won’t have to pay for it. You’ll have to wait in the baggage reclaim area for a few minutes, but hey, you might meet the love of your life at carousel C. The only real way to ensure your hand luggage stays in the cabin is to turn up bright and early for your flight. To be the first at your gate arrive at the airport with two to three hours to spare for international flights, one to one and a half hours for domestic. Check the hand luggage restrictions on the airport website before you arrive, so you don’t get held up at security. See our list of common banned items here.3. Pack light for your holidayDo you really need to take a travel iron? Can you swap four pairs of wedges for some versatile day-to-evening flats? Might there be a hairdryer at the hotel? When you’re packing your suitcase, adjust to the baggage rules by correspondingly cutting your stuff down by a third, and you might find you can squeeze your holiday wardrobe into hand luggage alone. Stick to reasonably essential items. As long as you remember your underwear and enough t-shirts you can probably get by on one pair of casual jeans and one jumper for a long weekend. And don’t forget to roll – careful packing can save you a packet. Check out our 15 packing tips as a helpful guide.4. Check in your bagYou could say that checking in your bag is loser talk (don’t let them win!) but you could also just be grown-up about the situation and accept easyJet’s rules as entirely reasonable, logical and in the interests of its passengers. Take the hit and check your travel bag into the hold: if you’re honest, you’ve probably annoyed other passengers for far too long, blocking the aisle while trying to force your case into an overhead locker.How much does easyJet charge for hold luggage?You’ll pay between £13.99 – 33.99 per item, per flight in advance online. This shoots up to £37 at the baggage drop, and a hefty £47 if you leave it until the boarding gate to admit you’re a heavy packer. If you know you’ve got something to check in, pay the fee when you book your flight.5. Become a memberFrequent flyer? Join the easyJet Plus scheme (annual fee £199) buy a FLEXI fare, or splash out a few quid on an Up Front or Extra Legroom seat, and you can bring on an additional under-seat bag like a laptop case or handbag. With Speedy Boarding you’ll also have first dibs at that oh-so valuable overhead locker space, and avoid ugly scenes in the rush for the cheap seats. But that’s all part of the fun of budget air travel, isn’t it?What are the benefits of booking a FLEXI fare ticket?These cost more than the standard fixed date tickets, but they allow you to bring more baggage: one hold bag and an extra under-seat bag no bigger than 45 x 36 x 20 cm. They allow you to change your flights with no penalty up to one week before and three weeks after your flight, as long as the new flights cost the same or less.6. Wear your luggage on the flightWe don’t mean using your suitcase as a makeshift sunhat or stuffing your rucksack down your pants. We’re talking about a new generation of ‘wearable luggage’ or ‘luggage jackets’ – essentially clothing that allows you to carry your belongings about your person when flying. Ok, in some cases you may look like a cleaner, while others are in fact rather stylish. But really, if it’s saving you money who cares? Besides, you can buy a new outfit with the money you save on check-in fees. Read our review of the best wearable luggage products around for more sneaky ways to boost your baggage allowance. 7. Use another airlineIf you object to this clampdown on cabin luggage then make a stand and fly with a different airline. There may well be a choice of carriers operating the route you’re flying. Of course, this may mean higher prices, or having to check in your bag. EasyJet’s allowance is actually pretty generous – there’s no weight limit on hand baggage. What other budget airlines are there?last_img read more