West Indies fast bowler Sheldon Cottrell, who has been sidelined by injury, is eyeing the impending WICB NAGICO Super50 Tournament as the perfect launch pad to solidify his comeback when he turns out for the Jamaica Scorpions.The left-arm seamer, who has been making steady strides in the limited-overs arena in recent years, recently recovered from a knee injury that he sustained during a West Indies training camp last summer.Since then, the 26-year-old has gone on to represent Jamaica Scorpions in two matches in the WICB First-Class Championship, which is currently on a midseason break.”For me, it (Super50) is a comeback tournament, and I want to make a big statement,” he explained.”I am coming off a knee injury and have been steadily getting in the groove since, and this tournament, I want to finish high on the bowling list.”Cottrell, who has been particularly good in Twenty20 matches and has been a leading figure in the Caribbean Premier League Twenty20, is set to spearhead Jamaica’s bowling attack in the absence of fellow West Indian Jerome Taylor, who is currently in Australia.Taylor, like batsman Jermaine Blackwood, is earmarked to join the Jamaica team after their first three group-stage matches. The team is scheduled to play six matches, and Cottrell wants to make a big impact.”With me likely to lead the bowling attack, I intend to be aggressive up top and take wickets,” he said.”I want to make batsmen as uncomfortable as much as possible, with regard to my pace and control. If I am able to do that, I know it will be better for me to take wickets, which should put the team in better positions to win matches.”Cottrell has represented the West Indies in two one-day internationals, six Twenty20 internationals, and two Tests.The Scorpions’ other specialist fast bowler in the 14-man ssquad is the up-and-coming Marquino Mindley.GORDON ADDEDReserve pacer Nicholson Gordon, in the meantime, has been added to the squad as cover until Taylor joins the team.Champions of the regional one-day showpiece event five years ago, Jamaica Scorpions are slated to face stiff competition in the group stage of the Super50 tournament.Pitted in Group A, they will battle co-hosts Trinidad and Tobago Red Force and Barbados Pride for one of the two available semi-final spots. Guest team ICC Americas is the group’s other contestant.The other two-semi-finalists will come from Group Two, which includes Guyana, co-hosts Leeward Islands Hurricanes, Combined Campuses and Colleges Marooners and Windward Island Volcanoes.Jamaica will bow into action tomorrow against Trinidad at Queen’s Park Oval in a day/night encounter. Match time is 12:30 p.m. Jamaica time.
Launching a new effort to regionalize aviation traffic, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa and other local officials moved Friday to revive a joint-powers agreement with neighboring counties. Acknowledging that Los Angeles has to rebuild some credibility, Villaraigosa said he wants to show Orange, San Bernardino and Riverside counties that the city is willing to work with them to resume the Southern California Regional Airport Authority. “It will work to formulate a regional dispersion of airport traffic throughout the region,” Villaraigosa said. “I have said for a long time that we all have to work together. We have to address how we deal with air traffic here at LAX and regionalize it.” Supervisor Don Knabe, whose district includes Los Angeles International Airport, said he already has talked with other county officials about working on the panel, which will have no direct authority over airport operations but will recommend plans for individual counties. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2“We do have to rebuild our credibility,” Knabe said. “When we first created this in 1985, it was making progress and had the support of Mayor Tom Bradley. But it later fell apart, and a second effort to revive it never really worked.” The mayor and Knabe said they are sending letters to officials in the other counties to determine when the panel’s first meeting can be held. Knabe said he believes Villaraigosa’s support will be key as well as the mayor’s selection of Councilman Bill Rosendahl as the city’s representative on the panel. Rosendahl’s district includes LAX. “We face regional challenges at our airports and we need regional solutions to solve those challenges,” Knabe said. “We also have two areas, Ontario and Palmdale, that want more airport business. We need to work together to promote those areas.” Rosendahl said he, too, is committed to a regional aviation approach. “It has been said no one wants an airport in their backyard, but we have to work together if we are going to address the problems and opportunities that come with an airport,” Rosendahl said. He said he also hopes to expand the authority to include representatives from Ventura and San Diego counties. “It’s an insurance policy for those of us who live around LAX that it will live with its commitment to not grow beyond 78 million passengers a year by looking for a regional solution,” said Rep. Jane Harman, D-El Segundo. “Also, it will be there to help us not make another mistake like we did with El Toro, when we had a chance to turn that into an airport. That was an opportunity missed, and we can’t let it happen again.” Knabe said the city and county of Los Angeles also are willing to consider changes to airport authority bylaws to eliminate concerns over veto power that had been used in the past by Los Angeles officials. email@example.com (213) 978-0390160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Gael Clichy could stay in the Premier League – with Liverpool reportedly making a move for the French full-back.The 31-year-old is available on a free transfer after his contract expired with Manchester City.He has been linked with a move to his homeland but, according to The Sun, he has now been offered a deal by Liverpool.Jurgen Klopp is desperate to land a new left-back having fielded James Milner in that position for much of last season, with Alberto Moreno failing to impress.The Reds are reported to have offered Clichy a two-year contract to convince him to remain in England.Clichy first came to the country as an 18-year-old to join Arsenal and has enjoyed major success.He won the Premier League and the FA Cup during his eight-year spell with the Gunners.Having moved on to City in 2011, Clichy has since landed another two titles and two League Cups. Gael Clichy could join Liverpool after leaving Manchester City 1
An 19 year old man is in hospital after being found in a semi-conscious state on a beach near Rathmullan.The man was found by a passer-by at a place known as Batt’s Walk near the scenic coastal village around 3.45pm yesterday afternoon.The shock discovery was made by a man out walking close to the well-known Rathmullan House Hotel. The victim, who is believed to be from Killavee in Portsalon, is believed to have been lying on the beach overnight in close to freezing temperatures.Gardai are trying to establish if the man was at an earlier beach party which was held locally on Thursday night.He was rushed to Letterkenny General Hospital but due to new HSE guidelines, staff are refusing to comment on his condition.A spokesman for the Garda press office said they have not received a criminal complaint in relation to the man’s discovery. However sources at Letterkenny General Hospital said the man has since been transferred to Beaumont Hospital in Dublin and may have suffered head injuries.A source revealed “He’s very lucky he was found when he was. Any longer and it could have been even more serious.“Exactly what happened to him is a mystery at the moment but there was a beach party on Thursday night and there are rumours that he was at it.”EndsMYSTERY AFTER MAN DISCOVERED IN SEMI-CONSCIOUS STATE NEAR RATHMULLAN BEACH was last modified: June 11th, 2011 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:man discoveredRathmullan
Jarla’s unique cartoons have been capturing the mood of Donegal life for the past decade. The well-known Letterkenny artist manages to walk the tightrope between comedy and comment.We’d like to thank him for doing this cartoon for Donegal Daily ahead of tomorrow’s crunch All Ireland game against Kerry.Some pundits might have described it as puke football against pure football.But we all know which team we’re supporting. Come on DONEGAAAAAAAAAAAL!!!! A PERFECT DRAW! JARLA’S UNIQUE TAKE ON DONEGAL’S CHANCES AT CROKER was last modified: August 4th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalJarlaKerry
Acetaminophen had been used in Europe since 1893, but was little known in the United States when the Tylenol brand was launched in 1955. McEvoy said Tylenol was the first aspirin-free, non-narcotic pain reliever on sale in the country – only available by prescription, for children and in liquid form. McNeil, acquired by Johnson & Johnson in 1959, rolled out the first Tylenol for adults in 1961. Tylenol’s biggest challenge, the 1982 cyanide tampering scare in Chicago that killed seven people, is considered “a case study of how to deal with a brand crisis,” said Mark Bard, president of Manhattan Research. He said pharmaceutical companies such as Vioxx maker Merck & Co. and Bextra maker Pfizer Inc. “could learn some lessons from what happened 20 years ago.” J&J had its sales force remove 264,000 Tylenol bottles from Chicago-area stores; consumers also were urged to return any Tylenol they had for a safe bottle, and prompt alerts from J&J and the FDA kept the public informed, recalled Dr. Anthony Temple, head of medical affairs for McNeil Consumer in 1982. “If you leave people in the dark, you have a real risk of them never being able to trust you” again, said Temple, now senior medical consultant for McNeil Consumer. It took just a few months to regain public confidence, he said. Bard said it was worth it for Johnson & Johnson to spend about $100 million on the recall to save its brand, given that nonprescription drugs are on the market for decades, compared with prescription drugs that lose patent protection, and thus most of their sales, in 10 to 15 years at most. The culprit was never caught, but McNeil prevented a recurrence by developing containers protected by multiple seals. “They made tamperproof packaging, which we take for granted today” on everything from nonprescription drugs to pickle jars, Bard said. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! TRENTON, N.J. – Tylenol, originally a pain reliever for children, has hit middle age. The world’s best-known acetaminophen brand turned 50 this week, and it’s more popular than ever, in part because of its reputation as the safest nonprescription pain reliever. Even a fatal 1982 poisoning scare barely hurt the brand – and introduced tamperproof packaging. Already in medicine cabinets in 70 percent of U.S. households, Tylenol now is seeing sales jump amid concern over the risks of other painkillers. Sales have grown by double digits since last fall, according to Tylenol maker McNeil Consumer & Specialty Pharmaceuticals of Fort Washington, Pa. “It’s become the fastest-growing pain reliever in 2005,” said Ashley A. McEvoy, general manager of McNeil Consumer, part of New Brunswick, N.J.-based health care conglomerate Johnson & Johnson. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week Tylenol sales are up about 9 percent in 2005’s first nine months, after holding or declining slightly the three years before, according to Chicago market research firm Information Resources Inc. Sales last year totaled $786.5 million, but IRI doesn’t track sales to hospitals, nursing homes or Wal-Mart Stores. One reason for growing sales is that since September 2004, popular prescription painkillers Vioxx and Bextra were pulled from the market because of increased risk of heart attack and stroke. Earlier this year, the Food and Drug Administration warned that other anti-inflammatory drugs carry such risks. Tylenol is in a separate drug class from anti-inflammatories such as Vioxx, ibuprofen and naproxen. Compared with those drugs and aspirin, Tylenol is less likely to interact with other medications, irritate the stomach or cause internal bleeding, and it’s safe for patients with common conditions such as heart disease and diabetes. “Doctors and patients are confident they won’t have these kinds of complications,” said Dr. Michel Dubois, director of research at the New York University Pain Management Center. “That’s why it has been so popular.” Dubois said despite J&J’s aggressive marketing, Tylenol is not the best choice for arthritis pain because it does not reduce inflammation. It also has a rare risk of liver damage at very high doses.
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORERose Parade grand marshal Rita Moreno talks New Year’s Day outfit and ‘West Side Story’ remake160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! TEAM1-3-3.00 INTERCEPTIONSNo. Valentine,C,102150 Canyon10/14/20050101045 Linda,R828591 Zendejas,J.122.00 Valencia10/21/2005010342 Hood,M.1599315.99 Oaks Christian09/23/20050101050 Hart11/04/2005010028 PUNTINGNo.YDSAvg. Barbic,J.522634273126.48 Barbic,J.1249341.1 Hariri,N.1006 Barbic,J.211024.93 Passing Total191851213205 Golden Valley09/09/2005100660 Massey,C.55711.40 Massey,C.1006 Kristof,K.411629.0 Linda,R.734185.78 McNeil,J.2129213.92 Burroughs11/11/20050102835 Sweeten,C.40024 Glendale10/07/20051003027 Scoring Total33305243 Hariri,N.13745.71 Saugus10/28/20050102835 Gagliardi,J.1-10-10.00 Rushing Total30619326.325 Linda,R.7960 Linda,R.139599893288.21 TOTAL2005370243299 Receiving Total8513205 Sweeten,C.11696.32 McNeil,J.487354 Antaplylan,J.2 Punting Total2799536.9 Hood,M.90054 PASSINGPAPCPIYDSTDRating RECEIVINGRECYDSTD Hoover09/30/2005100487 VS SCHOOLDateWLTPFPA Anataplyn,J.71100 RUSHINGTCBNYGAvg.TD Hood,M.8780 Barbic,J.2151 Barbic,J.42026 Chaminade09/16/20050102030 SCORINGTDPATFGTP Gagliardi,D.1138635.1 Massey,C.3710 Massey,C.2 McNeil,J.60036 RECORD: 3-7-0 Interceptions Total4
There are wonders in plants that continue to be uncovered with the tools of science. Two recent papers in PNAS lend support to the feeling that plants are smarter than assumed.Trash collection: Humans usually only employ one trash collection service, but plants have two. Four Chinese investigators found redundant pathways in plant cells for removing misfolded proteins. Writing in PNAS,1 they characterized endoplasmic reticulum associated degradation (ERAD), “an integral part of the ER quality-control system that removes toxic misfolded proteins via ubiquitin/proteasome-mediated degradation” (see 11/24/2010). They found two genes that “function redundantly” to ensure this essential process does not fail. The genes are conserved (unevolved) in yeast, plants, and humans.Portable generators: Humans know it is handy to have a power source, like a battery, when you’re away from the power grid. Plants know that, too. German scientists found that plants use potassium as a local energy source in their vessels. Here’s what their abstract said in PNAS about how plants exploit the multi-functional potassium ion.2The essential mineral nutrient potassium (K+) is the most important inorganic cation for plants and is recognized as a limiting factor for crop yield and quality. Nonetheless, it is only partially understood how K+ contributes to plant productivity. K+ is used as a major active solute to maintain turgor and to drive irreversible and reversible changes in cell volume. K+ also plays an important role in numerous metabolic processes, for example, by serving as an essential cofactor of enzymes. Here, we provide evidence for an additional, previously unrecognized role of K+ in plant growth. By combining diverse experimental approaches with computational cell simulation, we show that K+ circulating in the phloem serves as a decentralized energy storage that can be used to overcome local energy limitations.They called this the “potassium battery.” They described how the model plant Arabidopsis “taps this ‘potassium battery,’ which then efficiently assists the plasma membrane H+-ATPase in energizing the transmembrane phloem (re)loading processes.”Neither paper explained how these systems might have evolved. The paper on ERAD degradation of misfolded proteins only mentioned that the genes are conserved, and speculated in passing about the functional differences of the ERAD genes in plants vs humans. Another PNAS paper by Harvard biologists, however, did speculate about misfolded proteins as a source of evolutionary innovation.3 Studying how yeast cells handle misfolded proteins, they recognized that there is a fitness cost involved, as if an oarsman suddenly disabled on a rowing team makes the others have to work harder. What does this have to do with evolution? Not much, apparently, and maybe less: it appears to constrain evolution, not advance it:These results underscore the distinct and evolutionarily relevant molecular threat of protein misfolding, independent of protein function. Assuming that most misfolded proteins impose similar costs, yeast cells express almost all proteins at steady-state levels sufficient to expose their encoding genes to selection against misfolding, lending credibility to the recent suggestion that such selection imposes a global constraint on molecular evolution.Selection against misfolding is a form of stabilizing selection – a “running in place” process that tries to maintain the status quo, not the kind of evolution Darwin envisioned. If most mutations lead to toxic misfolded proteins, plants need to be smart enough to get rid of them quickly and systematically, not tinker with them in random searches for new functions. One can look in vain in this paper for any suggestions supporting old Darwinian ideas of progress, tinkering or innovation. Quite the contrary: “Our study illustrates the value in isolating and quantifying the consequences of protein misfolding to understand their relative contributions to molecular evolution and cell biology,” they said in conclusion. “The results support hypotheses that assume that misfolded proteins impose a selective cost independent of protein function and a model of protein quality control in which a small interacting set of proteins responds specifically to misfolded proteins in the eukaryotic cytosol.” In the set of “hypotheses that assume that misfolded proteins impose a selective cost,” is there any reason to exclude intelligent design?1. Su, Liu, Xia, Hong, and Li, “Conserved endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation system to eliminate mutated receptor-like kinases in Arabidopsis,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online before print December 27, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pas.1013251108.2. Gajdanowicz et al, “Potassium (K+) gradients serve as a mobile energy source in plant vascular tissues,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online before print December 27, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1009777108.3. Geiler-Samerotte et al, “Misfolded proteins impose a dosage-dependent fitness cost and trigger a cytosolic unfolded protein response in yeast,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online before print December 27, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1017570108.These papers have intelligent design shouting and Darwin whimpering. Respect your garden by acknowledging the design so clearly evident, and honoring the Designer. Don’t insult your plants by thinking they got where they are by unguided, directionless, chance processes of evolution. It would be like insulting professionals for a job well done by shrugging your shoulders and saying, “Stuff happens.”(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Fossil rat: By contrast, the e-word evolution permeates a paper in Science announcing a fossil mammal in Jurassic strata dubbed Rugosodon (wrinkle-tooth), said to have lived 160 million years ago. The news media, like National Geographic, were all set with their artwork to tell readers how they evolved: “New Jurassic find in China provides fresh evidence of early mammal evolution.” The animal, though, looks thoroughly mammalian, well-adapted and successful in its ecological niche, though it would have been surrounded by towering behemoths, the dinosaurs. Evolutionist reporter Ker Than wrote,The discovery of a 160-million-year-old fossil of a rodent-like creature is helping shed light on how one of the most evolutionarily successful mammalian groups to ever live gained dominance.Dubbed Rugosodon eurasiaticus, the creature bore a superficial resemblance to a small rat or a chipmunk and was an early member of the group of mammals known as multituberculates.Ranging in size from mouse to beaver, multituberculates, known only from fossils, “often considered the most successful, diversified, and long-lasting mammals in natural history,” Wikipedia says – even surviving the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction. In the evolutionary timeline, they eventually died out about 35 million years ago and were supplanted by rodents. The name comes from cusps on their cheek teeth. Paleontologists believe some multituberculates lived in burrows and others in trees. The discoverers believe this species lived on the ground. A PhysOrg article explains,“Some could jump, some could burrow, others could climb trees and many more lived on the ground,” said co-author Zhe-Xi Luo of the University of Chicago.“The tree-climbing multituberculates and the jumping multituberculates had the most interesting ankle bones, capable of ‘hyper-back-rotation’ of the hind feet.”The evolutionary story has some wrinkles: for one, extraordinary stasis. This is called a “basal” member of Multituberculata. It should be one one of the most primitive of the group, but Ker Than wrote in the NG article,Scientists had known previously that some younger multituberculates living about 65 million years ago could hyper-rotate their ankles.“Now, lo and behold, we now find that Rugosodon, which lived 100 million years earlier, has exactly the same joint!” Luo said.So this ground-dweller already had a trait scientists assumed was used by later tree-climbers. How to explain that, evolutionarily speaking? PhysOrg ended,Researchers said the tooth and ankle adaptations likely evolved very early in the creatures’ existence, helping them to become so long-lived as a group.But why would evolution provide a trait not needed except by later members of the group? They had other traits that made them very successful, Nature News wrote:Rugosodon also had an incredibly flexible spine, giving the creature great capacity to both twist left and right and to bend back and forth at the waist. The shape and arrangement of the animal’s teeth suggest, on the basis of comparisons with modern mammals, that Rugosodon consumed a mixture of fruits, seeds and animals, including worms, insects and even small vertebrates.It appears that Rugosodon was an advanced member of its kind already, in the early days of its clade. If it were a common ancestor, Nature News would not have said we need to look for it:Possibly of more importance, it gives palaeontologists a better sense of what the evolutionary precursors of multituberculates might have looked like — ideas that can be confirmed only by future fossil finds.A look into the paper in Science shows the authors using “convergence” to explain some similar traits in unrelated subclades. They call this the most ancestral member yet found –Rugosodon provides the only information on skeletal characters for the Paulchoffatiidae, the basalmost multituberculate family, for assessing the condition of the common ancestor of all multituberculates.– yet the only ancestral trait they pointed to was the hyper-rotating ankle, already fully developed with “exactly the same joint” as members thought to have lived 100 million years later. Where, exactly, is any evolutionary progression? What is seen is remarkable conservation:Despite a great taxonomic diversity and a wide range of feeding adaptations over the long history of multituberculates, the morphology of their ankles is remarkably conserved. The highly mobile tarsal joints are well suited for foot functions on uneven substrates (including arboreality) and are apparently versatile enough to be retained in fossorial and saltatorial forms. Major diversifications of multituberculates in the Cretaceous and Paleogene have a structural underpinning in ankle bones of their common ancestor of the Jurassic, for which Rugosodon provides fresh fossil evidence.Being translated, this “common ancestor” emerged already well-adapted with traits that remained “remarkably conserved” over 100 million years – the ability to dig, jump, climb trees and eat all kinds of food – with versatile feet and teeth well suited for successful living.Evolutionists are so shameless. They can stare at these two beautifully designed animals and still visualize the smiling face of Darwin, who is destined to become the Cheshire Cat of 21st century biology. OK, where is the evolution? Where is it? Look, look, look! Read the paper. It is nowhere to be found. These are wonderfully complete, versatile, well-adapted mammals. They are not trying to evolve into something else. This alleged “common ancestor” already had everything. How did it “arise”? How did it “emerge”? By what mutations did all these traits magically appear, only to stay “remarkably conserved” for 100 million years? There’s no ancestry here, no evolutionary progress. Now, they tell us the ancestor will be found in the future – another worthless Darwin promissory note. The evidence shows design, not evolution! The evolution-talk is clueless, useless, worthless. The sooner we can eject these storytellers from the science department, the better. (Visited 39 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Two mammal discoveries made the news this week: a cuddly one and a fossil. Do they tell evolutionary tales?Teddy bear kitty: Kids will love the look of this cute mammal called the oliguito discovered in Ecuador (see picture on Nature News). With its rounded ears, smiley mouth, bear-like fur and large beady eyes, it looks like a cross between a teddy bear and a cat, but the skittish nocturnal carnivore is a long-lost member of the raccoon family, about 2.5 feet long and weighing two pounds, living in the cloud forests of the Andes.The olinguito is being called the first mammal discovery in the western hemisphere in 35 years, but it’s not really a new find. In fact, there have been pelts in museums for a century, and it was exhibited alive in some zoos in 1967, but misidentified as a variety of olingo. In 2006, several were seen and captured in the wild; after genetic studies, the paper announcing them as a new species was only made today. Its scientific name is Bassaricyon neblina.The recognition that it’s a new species is being called a “major discovery” by the BBC News; for being a new carnivore, National Geographic added the adjectives “incredibly rare” and “spectacular.” Thousands of them are believed to be living in Ecuador. None of the main science media, including New Scientist, mentioned evolution.
A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… marshall kirkpatrick The FBI has reportedly raided a Texas web host and worked with international authorities to search servers in pursuit of the anonymous leaders of the group Anonymous, who blocked the website of PayPal earlier this month in retribution to the company’s decision to stop its customers from making donations to Wikileaks. That according to an affidavit posted in part by the legal watchdog website The Smoking Gun today. Dallas host Tailor Made Services was raided on the 16th of December, the site reported.“These coordinated attacks, investigators allege,” writes The Smoking Gun, “amount to felony violations of a federal law covering the ‘unauthorized and knowing transmission of code or commands resulting in intentional damage to a protected computer system.’” How several hours of inaccessibility constituted damage to the system was not described in the part of the affidavit posted online.According to the affidavit, the investigation included the co-operation of authorities in Canada, France and Germany. As for code, the LOIC DDoS software believed to be used by Operation Anonymous remain available on the social code site Github and on SourceForge. Thousands of people have downloaded it from those sites. The software allegedly makes it easy for a user to donate their computer’s bandwidth to repeatedly messaging a target server until it is rendered inaccessible by other users.The ephemeral group Anonymous, or Operation Payback, co-ordinated a series of such attacks earlier this month against Paypal, Mastercard, Visa and others. These global leaders in money transfer were criticized for preventing their customers from donating money to the controversial website Wikileaks, despite the site having been convicted of no crimes. Clearly a sufficient number of people in the FBI believe the denial of service attacks may constitute felony-level damage to computer systems, but others have argued that the campaign falls broadly within the tradition of non-violent civil disobedience and political protest.FBI Agent Allyn Lynd, whom The Smoking Gun reports signed the affidavit, has been in the technology news media before. He lead a 2009 raid on at least two Texas web hosts over an alleged federal crime concerning unpaid bills to AT&T and Verizon. Those raids disrupted a number of co-located but unrelated businesses, including some that allege the disruption cost them millions of dollars. In this latest affidavit, Lynd argued again that he may need to disrupt some other servers temporarily in order to achieve his goal of determining which servers were relevant to his investigation. Due to the document’s incomplete publication, whether any sense of irony was appreciated is unclear.No information has been made available to date regarding any FBI or other law enforcement investigation of the denial of service and other technical attacks made against the Wikileaks website. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#international#news#web 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market