Journalists targets of sickening and growing violence

first_img News Reporters Without Borders urged the authorities to do their utmost to investigate growing attacks and threats to journalists including one in which three men marched a journalist to a cemetery at gunpoint and tried to bury him alive.”It is essential that the instigators of these abuses should be punished so that journalists can again work in safety,” said the worldwide press freedom organisation.On 17 May 2005, Syed Monjur Morshed, editor and publisher of the English language bi-monthly The Horizon, was attacked by four men as he returned to his home in Gora near the capital Dhaka. They rushed at him and stabbed him in the abdomen with a knife. He was taken to hospital bleeding heavily and underwent an operation on 19 May.Security forces who were at the scene failed to intervene during the attack. Morshed therefore decided not to report the incident to the police, since it seemed pointless.He had received constant threats in the days leading up to the assault after he wrote an article in which he exposed fraud on the part of estate entrepreneur, Iqbal Sazzad. The journalist had also tipped off several major national dailies about the cases of embezzlement that, once revealed in the press, led to the agent’s arrest.Reporters Without Borders said it was deeply shocked by a sickening attack on GM Shahid, editor of the weekly Aparadh Barta and correspondent for the daily Dainik Khobor Patra, on 21 May in Rupganj, close to the capital.The journalist was returning home in the evening in a rickshaw when he was jumped by three men, who threatened him with a gun and stuck sticky tape on his mouth to prevent him from shouting for help. They marched him to a cemetery where they beat him with a hammer and tried to bury him alive.The journalist managed to fight back and to shout out, so that the three assailants finally fled leaving him there. It was only three hours later that local residents came to assist him and take him to a doctor where he received first aid. The attack was very probably linked to his work as a journalist.In Golachipa in the south of the country, Sumit Kumar Dutta, of the daily Dainik Ittefaq, received death threats from a criminal known in the area, Hye Gazi, angry at the journalist’s articles on his embezzlement in the area. Gazi also threatened other journalists if they wrote articles about his activities. Kumar Dutta reported the threats and asked for protection from the local authorities. Help by sharing this information News Organisation Bangladeshi reporter fatally shot by ruling party activists BangladeshAsia – Pacific RSF_en May 26, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Journalists targets of sickening and growing violence Receive email alerts BangladeshAsia – Pacific center_img February 22, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on Bangladesh Bangladeshi writer and blogger dies in detention News to go further February 26, 2021 Find out more RSF calls for the release of Bangladeshi journalist Rozina Islam, unfairly accused of espionage May 19, 2021 Find out more Newslast_img read more

The Enemies of Reason?

first_imgHeard the one about the healers who can perform internal surgery on you with their bare hands – leaving not a mark behind? Or the woman who thinks we should have 12 strands of DNA, not just 2? It’s what the Atlanteans had – but don’t worry, a small fee and she’ll kindly restore them for you. You’ve got cancer? Don’t worry – if you eat nothing but liquidised grapes for a month, it’ll disappear.  Laughing? You shouldn’t be. These are all genuine ‘treatments’ offered to the desperate: people who have lost faith in conventional medicine, people whom conventional medicine cannot help; and the ‘worried well’: people who have been persuaded that they are ill despite being in the pink of health, by health scammers eager to make money off the gullible and the vulnerable.  Recently, channel 4 showed a two-part documentary, featuring Richard Dawkins, dramatically entitled, ‘The Enemies of Reason’ which targeted such scammers. He was determined to expose how the tricks of the quacks, and the damage they have done. Not content with that, however, he launched an attack on the ‘irrational NHS’, and proponents of all complementary therapy. Is all ‘alternative medicine’ a foolish waste of time? Or would we be fools, to dismiss it out of hand?  ‘Snake-oil under a different name.’It cannot be disputed that ‘alternative’ medicine peddlers have strong associations with quacks, charlatans, and showmen – exploiters of the vulnerable and ill, selling medicines that have no proven health benefits. An inventory of examples and cases can be seen on Quackwatch, a site dedicated to exposing fallacious or misleading health treatments, is part of a circle of sites which tackle a variety of common alternative health treatments, covering aspects as diverse as acupuncture, homeopathy, chiropractic practice, and nutrient scams.  Alternative medicine, the site states, often claims to be holistic, but in fact is extremely narrow: chiropractors believe all ill health is caused by poor posture: acupuncturists think that acupuncture can cure everything from short sightedness to impotence, while health-food advocators often encourage dangerous diets – in extreme cases, consumption of nothing but one food-stuff (grapes, milk, cabbage) for long periods of time in serious illness. And advocates are fond of using jargon or pseudo-scientific terms – ‘energy balance’ ‘quantum interactions’ ‘detoxification’ – to bewilder the potential patient – with possibly fatal results.  For those who think that’s a bit harsh, believing that alternative treatments are at the best helpful, at the worst, harmless, Dr Jarvis, President of the National Council Against Health Fraud, lists the ways in which such treatments harm cancer patients.  “Harm can be direct [as a result of treatment]…Cyanide poisoning from ingesting apricot pits or laetrile, Salmonella dublin infection from drinking raw milk, electrolyte imbalance caused by coffee enemas, internal bleeding from deep body massage, and brain damage from whole-body hyperthermia have all caused needless death of cancer patients.” He also warns that there is much  ‘indirect harm’: diets which weaken the patient, warnings not to trust ‘orthodox’ medical treatment which can lead to fatal delays in seeking professional help, and false reassurances and hope which can be psychologically devastating.  The ‘worried well’, too, don’t escape unscathed. Patients may be told they have cancer or other incurable illness and told to apply potentially harmful cures – for an illness they have not got. If they seek professional advice and are told they are healthy, the alternative practitioner may tell them that conventional medicine is often unreliable in detecting their particular disease. The psychological (as well as physical) damage, again, can be devastating. Even self-medication with over-the-counter herbs carries hidden dangers when their active ingredients interfere with other medication, and can lead to fatalities.  Homeopathy, one of Dawkins’ (and I admit, my own) pet hates, is a scheme of treatment where the active drug is diluted so much in water there is often not a single molecule of the original ingredient left by the time it is given to the patient. Its effects are, to say the least, controversial. Yet the NHS spends around £3 million on it a year, and 8.5% of the British population use it. Despite opposition from the scientific community, including protests from senior doctors and scientists, the NHS has continued funding a treatment that has no real evidence behind it.  Michael Baum is emeritus professor of surgery at UCL who organised one such protest letter last year. In an interview to the Guardian, he voiced his concerns. “My concern is the issue of opportunity cost. If the NHS is spending good money on placebos at the cost of not providing effective medicines, then it does matter. The UCL hospital trust has spent £20m on refurbishing the Royal Homeopathic hospital. If that sum of money was spent on making available Herceptin and aromatase inhibitors [to treat breast cancer], then it could be saving in my own health district 600 lives a year.” Absence of evidence is not evidence of absenceThere is a danger, however, that science has a knee-jerk reaction to the sound ‘alternative’ which has resulted in lack of funding and research into very real therapeutic possibilities. There’s a fine line between a healthy and logical scepticism, and smug dismissal of anything vaguely outre.  Realising the potential of some alternative therapies, he National Institute of Health (USA) now has a research wing dedicated to investigating complementary medicine, and it has turned up some interesting results. Meditation has been shown to boost immune activity. Tai-chi may help preserve bone density (and thus fight osteoporosis). Acupuncture is now generally accepted to have a real and significant analgesic effect, possibly by physical stimulation of large sensory nerve fibres (though there are also cases where wrongly applied needles have caused serious injury…) Indeed, much of modern medicine is derived from active ingredients in herbal treatments – aspirin, for example, isolated from willow bark. St John’s wart is generally thought to have no side effects (apart from interfering with some prescription drugs), and effective in treatment of depression. Artemisin, extracted from ancient Chinese herbal remedies long dismissed by the West, turned out to be an excellent treatment for faciparum malaria – increasingly important in an age of chloroquinine resistance. The tricky thing is that medical science can be – and is frequently – wrong. Science, Kuhn proposed, moves in waves of fashion, is hounded by dogma, petty academic rivalry, and stubbornness to change – like the very religions, superstitions, and ‘alternative’ treatments scientists like Dawkins rave against. While no one doubts the tools that science uses are necessary for a rational life – investigation, experimentation, controlled trials – it is only reasonable to doubt that these tools may be misused, trials badly designed, or evidence poorly examined. Just because a treatment claims it’s based on ‘chi’ – and because, to our rational minds, ‘chi’ doesn’t exist – does not mean the treatment doesn’t work. Perhaps it works on perfectly sound physiological principles we in our smug superiority have not yet seen.  Western medicine also has its faults. It’s strongly biochemically based, and in practice often doesn’t take into account enough the patient’s mental outlook, diet, and general condition, preferring to focus on the specific site of injury, and treating symptoms individually as they come up. Wards are understaffed and doctors have little time to listen to patients. Misdiagnoses are understandably made. Sitting in on a GP consultant, I was struck by how many times he interrupted and misinterpreted what the patient was trying to say. Patients often feel undervalued, patronised, and coerced – and confidence and morale are hugely important in recovery. Even Dawkins conceded that alternative medical practioners often spend more time with their patients and that this could have a beneficial effect (‘but not enough to outweigh good science-based medical care.’) While alternative treatments are often in their own way narrow, aspects of their philosophy may still be helpful in providing better care.   It is not as simple as a divide – us against them, science against the ‘enemies of reason’. The practitioners of science have their own weaknesses, blindnesses, irrational foibles and fashions. And one day treatments we consider alternative may become not so alternative after all. The real enemies of reason are those who dismiss any challenging idea out of hand, because it poses a threat to their own personal philosophy, whether they call themselves a scientist or not. Links and resourceshttp://www.quackwatch.com/ – Quack watchhttp://www.skeptic.com/ – Sceptic net http://nccam.nih.gov/research/ – the National Institute of Health (USA)’s funding body for research into alternative and complementary medicine, with current research findings, goals, and informationCherwell 24 is not responsible for the content of any external linkslast_img read more

Delores Poore

first_imgDelores Poore, 82 of Milan, passed away at her home December 31, 2016 with her family by her side.  Delores was born Tuesday September 18, 1934 in Weisburg, IN the daughter of Otto and Alma (Schwier) Vogel. She married Hiram Poore November 20, 1954 and he preceded her in death August 4, 2004.Delores retired after 30 years of service with the Sunman-Dearborn School District. Delores enjoyed bowling on her league, square dancing, roller skating, going to her church for services, and spending time with her family and friends.Delores is survived by daughter: Teresa Cole, companion of 21 years: David Hall both of Milan; sister: Shirley (Lestol) Harmon of Sunman; daughter-in-law: Vicky Poore of Memphis, IN; son-in-law: Rodney Cole of Lawrenceburg; brother-in-law: Kenneth (Debbie) Poore of Milan; sister-in-law: Freda (Bill) Kaiser of Milan, 5 Grandchildren: Mark and Brian Cole, Jason, Cindy and Jarrod Poore. 1- Great-Grandchild: Gunner Poore.  She was preceded in death by her parents, husband, one son: Wayne Poore, one daughter: Diane Cole, Great-Grandchild: Issac Poore, brother-in-law: Fred Poore and sister-in-law: Christina Poore.Funeral service will be 11 AM Tuesday January 3, 2017 at St. John Lutheran Church 12523 North Dearborn Road Sunman, IN 47041 with Pastor Tom Frey officiating.  Burial will follow in the church cemetery. Visitation will be 9-11AM Tuesday also at the church. Memorials may be given to St. John Lutheran Church.   Laws-Carr-Moore Funeral Home entrusted with arrangements, Box 243 Milan, IN 47031; (812)654-2141.  Go to www.lawscarrmoore.com to leave an online condolence message for the family.last_img read more

DPS responds to third report of attempted fire in Bovard

first_img“Fortunately, there’s been very minimal damage,” Alegre said during an interview at the scene. “But nonetheless, it’s been the same method of operation.” DPS has received three reports of brunt paper towels in Bovard Administration building in the last three weeks. (Krystal Gallegos/Daily Trojan) “Some [napkins] have burned, and then there’s a long line of them across the floor,” Alegre said. “I think his intention was to burn [some that] did not ignite, but some did.”   The Department of Public Safety responded early Wednesday morning to a fire-related incident at Bovard Auditorium. This was the third in a series of similar incidents reported in the building in the last three weeks. According to DPS crime logs, a custodian reported at 12:23 a.m. that a suspect spread hand sanitizer on a bathroom counter and used a burning paper towel to set it on fire. The incident comes after two reports near 4 a.m. on March 26 and 27 that detail nearly identical incidents. According to DPS Sergeant Steve Alegre, the same custodian reported the incident all three times. Though the crime log detailed burnt hand sanitizer and paper towels on the bathroom counter, Alegre said there was also a line of napkins across the floor that had been partially ignited. Alegre said DPS is waiting on confirmation for the time frame during which the suspect gained access to the building. He estimated that the most recent incident occurred some time between 6 p.m. and 10 p.m., after most employees had left the building and before custodians arrived to begin cleaning. Alegre’s suggestion for DPS moving forward is to surveil the building between the hours of 6 p.m. and 10 p.m., but he said he is not sure whether that surveillance would be possible all seven days of the week. A “Be on the Lookout,” or BOLO, alert was issued to DPS officers, according to Alegre. He said that as of near 1 a.m. Wednesday, surveillance operators were reviewing security footage to confirm whether the suspect was the same in all three instances. “One of my recommendations would be to put undercover people [at Bovard] and watch for that,” Alegre said. “And when a particular individual walks in that door and heads to that bathroom, see what we can find.”last_img read more

West Ham v Chelsea: Terry plays

first_imgJohn Terry returns to the Chelsea side for the EFL Cup tie against West Ham at the London Stadium.Terry, fit again following a recent injury, is joined in the starting line-up by striker Michy Batshuayi.Blues youngsters Nathaniel Chalobah and Ola Aina have also been given a chance to impress, while Willian and Oscar return to the team.West Ham, meanwhile, include Andre Ayew among their substitutes, and Aaron Cresswell returns after serving a ban.Summer signing Ayew has been sidelined since going off with a thigh injury during the Hammers’ league defeat at Chelsea in the two clubs’ opening match of the season.West Ham: Randolph, Reid, Cresswell, Kouyate, Lanzini, Obiang, Noble, Ogbonna, Payet, Antonio, Fernandes.Subs: Adrian, Nordtveit, Feghouli, Zaza, Collins, Ayew, Fletcher. Chelsea: Begovic; David Luiz, Terry, Cahill; Azpilicueta, Kante, Chalobah, Aina; Willian, Batshuayi, Oscar.Subs: Eduardo, Alonso, Matic, Hazard, Pedro, Costa, Solanke.Click here for the latest Chelsea transfer gossip Ads by Revcontent Trending Articles Urologists: Men, Forget the Blue Pill! This “Destroys” ED x ‘Genius Pill’ Used By Rich Americans Now Available In Netherlands! x One Cup of This (Before Bed) Burns Belly Fat Like Crazy! x Men, You Don’t Need the Blue Pill if You Do This x What She Did to Lose Weight Stuns Doctors: Do This Daily Before Bed! x Drink This Before Bed, Watch Your Body Fat Melt Like Crazy x Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

South Africa celebrates Reconciliation Month

first_img14 December 2015South Africans should be encouraged during this year’s Reconciliation Month, running throughout December, to reach out to one another and help to build a united nation, according to the Department of Arts and Culture.This year’s Reconciliation Month takes place under the theme, “Bridging the divide: building a common South African nationhood towards a national developmental state”.Minister Nathi Mthethwa launched Reconciliation Month at the end of November at the War Museum in Bloemfontein, where he unveiled plaque in the Garden of Remembrance to honour men, women and children who perished in the concentration camps of the South African War – or Anglo Boer War – that was fought between 1899 and 1902.The minister also opened the Sol Plaatjie Exhibition space, which looks at the participation of black people in that war.“Reconciliation Month says that we ought to be walking this common road hand-in-hand, conscious of our past and confident of our future, no longer at the mercy of systems that divided us into black and white and men and women and saw no measure of equality between us,” he said.“Reconciliation Month reminds us that in 1994 with the first democratic elections, we set South Africa on the pathway towards a united, non-racial, non-sexist, democratic and prosperous reality characterised by nation-building and social cohesion and a better life for all.”OriginsThe Day of Reconciliation is an annual public holiday observed on 16 December. It was previously known as Dingane’s Day and Day of the Vow. It is a significant day in South African history; its origins can be traced to the Battle of Blood River in 1838. The Voortrekker army defeated the Zulu army at the battle in the Ncome River, which was fought over land ownership.This year’s Reconciliation Month will focus on recognising and highlighting the trials and tribulations of the Khoi and San people and the role they played in the liberation struggles against colonialism and apartheid.Did you know !ike e: xarra //ke on the code of arms is a language of the /Xam people meaning “diverse people unite” #Reconciliationmonth— Arts & Culture (@ArtsCultureSA) December 4, 2015Source: Department of Arts and Culturelast_img read more

Life Pocket eases organ donation

first_imgCaroline Wambui with her technology teacher Damaris Mutati. (Image: OMG Voice)The death of her uncle was the catalyst and after being introduced to IT by her teacher, Kenyan teen Caroline Wambui has been on a mission to help ease organ donation in her country.Her uncle died because doctors could not find a kidney donor for him as Kenya does not have a national organ donor programme.Wambui – with minimal coding skills – has now developed Life Pocket, a mobile app that connects patients to organ donors, doctors and hospitals.“I firmly believe that Africa is going to be very far in a few years because of tech and how young people of today have turned to it to change life in our communities and countries,” she said.Technology could be a powerful tool if it was used to become a channel for change, especially in poor countries.The Life Pocket app will be rolled out nationally in Kenya in October.LEARNING THE SKILLSIn 2012, Wambui’s teacher, Damaris Mutati, started introducing technology into her classes at Embakasi Girls Secondary School, following her participation in the Intel Teach programme.It was here that Mutati was training to share her new digital literacy and skills, using the Intel Learn Easy Steps curriculum. She began to teach coding to the girls in her classes.“When you empower a young girl with tech skills, you broaden the way she thinks about herself,” Mutati said. “Tech also offers girls solutions while they’re still in school, so they come out knowing how to be job creators instead of job seekers, which is very important for African youths.”HOW THE APP WORKSWambui set out to develop an easy-to-use app on which users can easily register either as donors, patients, doctors or institutions, such as the Kidney and Lupus Foundation of Kenya and the Kenya Blood Transfusion Services.It features a login page, an about the app section, a donations page to identify and collect tissue and organs, and a feedback page for people who want to become donors.“I can’t wait for the app to be rolled out. It’s overwhelming and exciting,” she said.ORGAN DONATION IN KENYAOrgan donation is legal in Kenya but only blood relatives are allowed to donate organs to those in need. Exceptions are made for married couples, so long as they can prove that they are legally married.But in special circumstances, where tissues from potential donors do not match those of recipients, organs can be sought from people not related to the patient.“Thorough background checks are conducted to ensure that the organ is given voluntarily by the donor without any expectation of cash or other favours from the recipient,” said Valentine Imonje, CEO of the National Kidney Foundation of Kenya.Awareness is needed to demystify myths and misconceptions that hold people back from donating kidneys, eyes, livers and corneas, among others.“The app also demystifies organ donation. In Kenya, people get buried with their organs,” Mutati said.last_img read more

Rain, heat and mud made for a memorable Farm Science Review

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Despite a daylong drench and the mud that followed, this year’s Farm Science Review drew eager attendees who came to learn about the latest innovations in agriculture and tote home a bag of freebies.A record-number of exhibitors, 642, intrigued attendees with farm machinery, varieties of seeds and fertilizers, weed killers and crop advice at the three-day agricultural trade show.“The attendees who visited us, despite the rain and muddy parking lots, were still able to find ways to make their farming operations more efficient,” said Nick Zachrich, manager of the Review. “Exhibitors had new equipment, small and large, for all sizes of farmers. Those with just a few acres or a few thousand acres could find something to improve their businesses.”The event at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center near London attracted a total of 113,836 visitors over three days. The first day, the appealing temperate weather turned into a downpour, but many still stayed to catch some advice and later slide through muddy parking lots on their way out.“We were happy to help farmers test-drive their 4-wheel drive vehicles in the parking lot,” Zachrich said.There was plenty of discussion about 2017 crops at the event.“This hot weather is really going to bring on some of this crop, but there is a lot of corn out there still above 30% moisture. The lowest I’ve heard is 22%. It is going to be a long, drawn out fall, there’s no doubt about that,” said Dan Fox, with Seed Consultants, Inc. on Thursday of the show. “The corn overall is a pretty good crop but there are areas that were drowned out and those holes are still out there.”There was plenty of hopeful discussion about soybean yields as well.“I have been talking to some guys who are thinking they may have 40- or 50-bushel double-crop beans and maybe 70-bushel first crop beans,” Fox said. “The beans are podded up nicely with all the rains we’ve had and it could be a heck of a crop for beans.”Fox also urged caution to make any rash decisions based on the unusual weather in 2017.“When you have those hard three- or four-inch rains there is really nothing you can do about that. Even with weed control programs, don’t get too excited,” Fox said. “How many summers do we get an inch or two of rain every week to make herbicide programs so challenging? I’ve been telling our growers not to make major changes based upon what they saw this summer.”This year’s Farm Science Review also included talks on safety tips for the farm, field demonstrations on drones and drainage tile, advice on applying fertilizer and enough combines, tractors and planters to interest even those typically indifferent to machinery. A ride and drive area offered rides on utility vehicles and Zero Turn mowers, which allow for tight turns (and some fun in the mud). Demonstration plots showed pesticide drift potential, nutrient management and new soybean herbicide technology.The largest turnout at the Review was on Wednesday when 50,880 visitors arrived. Tuesday drew 37,812 visitors, and the final day of the farm show attracted 25,144 people.Next year’s Review will be Sept. 18, 19 and 20, 2018.last_img read more

PH gets bronze medals in table tennis, javelin throw

first_imgEvalyn Palabrica also secured a bronze in women’s javelin throw in athletics.On the same night, athletics top bet Eric Cray got gold and silver in 400m hurdle and 100m dash, respectively.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension SEA Games: PH’s Alisson Perticheto tops ice skating short program MOST READ LATEST STORIES View comments Philippines got medals from table tennis and athletics to hike its bronze medal haul to 12 in the 2017 Southeast Asian Games Tuesday night.Richard Gonzales won a bronze medal for the country in the table tennis men’s singles, a first for the sport so far.ADVERTISEMENT PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games PLAY LIST 03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics00:50Trending Articles01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC 50 million could watch Mayweather-McGregor in the US alone LIST: Class, gov’t work suspensions during 30th SEA Games Read Next WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesseslast_img read more

FIFA World Cup 2014: Five key players from Portugal

first_imgCristiano Ronaldo and Pepe will be crucial for Portugal at the World CupPortugal has long been admired for producing talented players, and their flair has earned them the tag of “the Brazilians of Europe.”But Portugal heads to the World Cup still looking for its champagne moment after coming up short at past tournaments. The Portuguese lost in the final at the 2004 European Championship and in the semifinals at the 2006 World Cup and Euro 2012.Here are five players to watch:CRISTIANO RONALDOAlong with Lionel Messi and Neymar, Cristiano Ronaldo is one of the world-class stars expected to light up the tournament.Since his debut at 18 in 2003, Ronaldo has grown into the Portuguese team’s dominant figure. Now 29, he will arguably be at the peak of his international career in Brazil.Ronaldo has been in deadly form in front of goal. This season, he became Portugal’s all-time leading scorer and has also surpassed Real Madrid great Ferenc Puskas’ mark of 242 goals for the Spanish club.PEPEPortugal and Brazil are bound by centuries of history, family ties and a shared language. While Brazilian talent at European clubs is a common sight, Portugal has turned to its one-time colony for the national team, too, as many Brazilian players are entitled to dual nationality.Pepe is one of them, and has made 57 appearances since his 2007 debut. The 31-year-old Real Madrid defender is a mainstay who can also add muscle to the midfield.Before him on the list of Brazilian-born Portugal players were midfielder Deco, who appeared 75 times for Portugal, starting out under Luiz Felipe Scolari – another Brazilian and Portugal’s longest-serving coach, between 2003 and 2008 – and Liedson, a striker who made 15 appearances.advertisementJOAO MOUTINHOMonaco midfielder Joao Moutinho keeps a low profile, but his vision, expert passing and high work rate have made him the focal point of Portugal’s attacking moves.Moutinho has made 66 appearances since 2005, though in Brazil he will be looking to build on his meager two-goal tally.He produced a standout performance in Portugal’s semifinal match at the 2012 European Championship before missing the target in a penalty shootout that gave Spain victory.NANIManchester United winger Nani has had a miserable time over the past year due to injuries and poor form. The World Cup offers him the stage for a comeback.Nani’s peak form at his Premier League club came in the 2010-11 season when his teammates voted him their player of the season. Hopes were high that Portugal had discovered another Cristiano Ronaldo.But since then Nani has faded, and he didn’t find the net for 16 months up to October’s qualifier against Luxembourg when he stood in for Ronaldo as team captain.WILLIAM CARVALHODefensive midfielder William Carvalho is regarded as one of Portugal’s promising newcomers.Carvalho was named the Portuguese league’s player of the month for three straight months between October and December. In November, he made his first two national team appearances, coming on as a substitute in a tense playoff match against Sweden and impressing with his composure.Like Cristiano Ronaldo and Nani, he is a product of Sporting Lisbon’s youth academy.Carvalho, who will be 22 at the World Cup, is highly regarded for his powerful physique and heading skills, impressive reading of the game, and speed at tipping play from defense to attack.last_img read more