Estate agent caught up in £800,000 mortgage fraud case

first_imgHome » News » Agencies & People » Estate agent caught up in £800,000 mortgage fraud case previous nextAgencies & PeopleEstate agent caught up in £800,000 mortgage fraud caseLondon firm says it followed GDPR rules but still fraudster managed to get access to a property to steal details that helped mortgage fraud.Nigel Lewis19th April 202102,072 Views The gaping holes in the UK property market left by the police, agents, lenders and brokers for criminal to slip through have been highlighted by a shocking new mortgage fraud case.It has been revealed by the i newspaper that a couple selling a home in West London in February, who wish to remain anonymous, had their identities stolen by a fraudster posing as a property buyer.The scammer contacted their estate agency pretending to be a representative of a legitimate buying agency and booked two appointment to view the property during which key details of the couple’s personal details were obtained and their identities stolen.These were then used to make a successful mortgage fraud attempt to obtain an £800,000 mortgage against the property.The money was then wired to a bank account with an almost identical name to that of a reputable London conveyancing solicitor, but which was instead controlled by the fraudster.Non-recordable crimeDespite the attempts to steal their identities being reported to the police, no action was taken as identity theft is not a police recordable crime, Action Fraud says.And because the lender involved wanted to get the money back without involving the police and instead employed private investigators to recoup the funds, it had not reported the fraud.The scammer then went on attempt a further nine frauds on the property, including several bridging loans.The newspaper says it was a diligent mortgage broker from Tapton Capital, who had been approached by the fraudster this month to organise another loan against the property, who then checked with the owner in person that they had applied for the loan and uncovered what had been going on.Read more about scammers operating within the industry.Tapton Capital i newspaper mortgage fraud action fraud April 19, 2021Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021last_img read more

German Navy started exercise GEREX 2020 in Baltic Sea

first_img View post tag: German Navy 40-ship maneuver Northern Coasts starting in Denmark Posted: about 1 year ago Because of the cancellation of NOCO, the Inspector of the Navy, Vice Admiral Andreas Krause, decided to carry out a predominantly national naval exercise aimed at strengthening the operational readiness of the crews. Related Article September 2, 2020, by Held each year in the Baltic Sea and in the vicinity of the Baltic Sea, the exercise NOCO promotes anti-submarine warfare, explosive ordnance disposal and mine countermeasures interoperability between participating forces. Back to overview,Home naval-today Instead of NOCO, German Navy started exercise GEREX 2020 in Baltic Sea View post tag: GEREX 2020 Naida Hakirevic Photo: Bundeswehr/Kim Brakensiek Instead of NOCO, German Navy started exercise GEREX 2020 in Baltic Sea Authorities The main actors in GEREX are the minehunter Homburg (M1069), the replenishment ship Werra (A514), the submarine U-33 (S183), a boarding team of the sea battalion, a P-3C Orion and two helicopters Sea King and Sea Lynx.  Categories: The Baltic Sea is a particularly demanding area of ​​operations due to its geography with many straits and islands as well as shallow water depths. Here, every single marine has to master his craft in detail. The sea routes there are said to be of great importance for the navy and its partners. Posted: about 1 year ago GEREX includes individual training as well as tactical exercises that take place across all ship types. Overall, ships and boats from both brigade-level units and naval aircraft are taking part. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the multilateral exercise Northern Coasts (NOCO) had to be cancelled this year. Training & Education Nordrhein-Westfalen (F223), a recently commissioned F125 Baden-Württemberg-class frigate, and the Standing NATO Maritime Group 1 (SNMG 1) will also join the exercise. In addition, the Estonian Navy’s Sandown-class minehunter Ugandi (M315) will join the maneuver. The German Navy is conducting German Exercise 2020 (GEREX) in the western Baltic Sea from 31 August to 7 September. Share this articlelast_img read more

Mourning Jean Paul II

first_imgRemembering his ten hours queueing in the Vatican City, Mark Cooper describes his pilgrimage to Rome to honour the late Pope, John Paul II. While the atmosphere was at times mixed, the reward was to bid farewell to the great man.Most will have seen images on the news of the great crowds gathering to walk past John Paul II while he lay in state. The ten hours I spent in that crowd turned out to be some of the most memorable of my life. Words cannot fully convey the mixed emotions I felt in that situation, from the sadness of John Paul II’s death to the joy of remembering his enormous achievements.I flew out to Rome in the early hours of Tuesday 5 April, reaching the Vatican by about 2pm to join the masses of people queuing to pay their respects. Feeling somewhat put off by the severe numbers I asked one of the stewards how long the queue was going to be. He said it would be about four hours, so I decided to go ahead. After all, what would be the point wandering around Rome for two days when the only way I could justify leaving behind my revision for finals was that I wanted to pay my respects to the Holy Father, the man who had meant so much to me? I reached the High Altar of St Peter’s at midnight. John Paul II is the only Pope I have ever known, so his death marks the end of an era for me. He has been such an inspiration to millions of people, young and old, and I wanted to pay my final respects to him. But I was disappointed at the behaviour of some in the crowd, many of whom were hungry and exhausted. Elderly Italian women would push me, yelling that I hadn’t moved that extra available inch towards the person in front of me. I felt lonely too, as I queued by myself while everyone else seemed to be in groups. I stood bewildered seeing so many people of different nationalities, ages and attitudes. It seemed some were queuing out of a morbid curiosity: I heard an American woman remark, “We’re not religious – we’re just in Rome for a few days and thought this would be something to do.” I was finding the waiting difficult for emotional and physical reasons, and here was someone who was quite happy to bring her family into such a situation for “something to do”.To their credit, the Roman authorities gave out free water at a rate of one million bottles per day, and there were plenty of ‘portaloos’ around. Medics were on standby to deal with those in need. There were a million people and Rome was completely overwhelmed. Occasionally some of the young people in the crowd would start chanting “Joannes Paulus” and clapping, but few seemed to be joining in with the hymns and prayers coming through the speakers. The majority of those around me were young Italians, aged between 14 and 30. What a testimony to the legacy of John Paul II, I thought.When hearing of the thousands of young people gathering in St Peter’s Square on the Friday before he died, the Holy Father remarked, “I have looked for you. Now you have come to me. And I thank you.” I reflected on this while waiting, and realised how much of an achievement the Holy Father had made with young people. The World Youth Days, which had been held in Rome and Toronto, had attracted millions of young people from all over the world, who wanted to come and hear the Pope speaking about the Good News of Jesus Christ. Another day is planned for this year in Cologne, and the Holy Father was said to have been looking forward to it greatly.At 9.37pm, on Saturday 2 April 2005, Pope John Paul II died in his apartment in the Apostolic Palace, Vatican City. Despite its grandeur, the Holy Father’s own rooms are relatively simple, with a bed, a side table, a few cupboards, a study with a selection of books, and a dining room. The rooms leading from where the Pope lay had been bustling with cardinals, other senior clerics and nuns who look after the Pope. In addition there were doctors and members of the Vatican Press Office, all making sure that that he was comfortable and that the world was being informed of his state of health. Born in 1920, John Paul II grew up in pre-war Poland. As a youngster he excelled at sport, enjoying football and skiing while his great love for the theatre almost led to him becoming an actor. However, he decided to study philosophy before training for the priesthood. He was eventually ordained in 1946 and after rapid promotion he became Archbishop of Krakow in 1964. Archbishop Wojtyla, who became a Cardinal in 1967, was considered very much an outsider for the Papacy, after the sudden death of John Paul I, after just thirty-three days as Pope. Taking the name John Paul II, Cardinal Wojtyla was elected Pope in 1978.When the news broke that the Holy Father’s health had severely deteriorated I was just about to go to bed. It did not come as a complete surprise, for he had been ill since February, having undergone a tracheotomy to aid his breathing. Over the past ten years or more, the world has witnessed the physical deterioration of a man once known as God’s Athlete, largely due to Parkinson’s disease.The period of Sede Vacante (or ‘Vacant See’) is a mixed one: the Church is without its chief shepherd, the vicar of Christ. However, it is also a time for reflection upon and celebration of the life and work of the late Holy Father. Never has a period of Sede Vacante been more significant than after the recent death of Pope John Paul II. The Church’s 264th Supreme Pontiff had been the first non- Italian for over 450 years and the youngest for over a century. His twenty-six year Pontificate was the third longest in history, after St Peter and Pius IX, and in that time he wrote more than all of his predecessors put together.With one of the most recognisable faces on the planet, Pope John Paul II was hugely significant on the world stage. Most Popes have not tended to leave the Vatican a great deal. The running of the Roman Curia (the Church’s administrative and governmental workings) is a very busy job. The Pope has to personally oversee all appointments of cardinals, bishops, nuncios (ambassadors to the Holy See) etc, as well as speaking out on a whole range of moral and social issues. Adding a hectic program of international travel was a vast undertaking by John Paul II, and a step in a very new direction for the Catholic Church. In his twenty-six year Pontificate, the Holy Father visited more than 120 countries. To each of these countries, including various parts of the UK in 1982, he has taken his message of The New Evangelisation.Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, the newly elected Pope, and John Paul II’s Prefect for the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith, and Dean of the College of Cardinals, summarises the New Evangelisation as follows: “Human life cannot be realised by itself. Our life is an open question, an incomplete project, still to be brought to fruition and realised. Each man’s fundamental question is: How will this be realised — becoming man? How does one learn the art of living? Which is the path toward happiness? To evangelise means: to show this path — to teach the art of living. The deepest poverty is the inability of joy, the tediousness of a life considered absurd and contradictory. This is why we are in need of a New Evangelisation — if the art of living remains an unknown, nothing else works. But this art is not the object of a science; this art can only be communicated by [one] who has life, he who is the Gospel personified — Jesus Christ.” With this understanding of the New Evangelisation in mind, we can make more sense of his Pontificate. We can see John Paul as a man persuaded of his mission to spread the word of his God, applying his faith to the significant problems facing the world. He will perhaps be best remembered for his stance against the communist regime in his native Poland, where he supported the Solidarity Movement. Along with pressure from US President Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, the communist regime was toppled and the people of Poland looked to their country’s greatest son as a father for the whole nation. In more recent times, John Paul II firmly opposed the War in Iraq and labelled it “a failure of humanity”. Both George W Bush and Tony Blair individually visited the Pope during the conflict, and he apparently expressed his immense sorrow and disappointment at the action they were taking in Iraq.John Paul II’s radical pilgrim papacy almost led to his death in 1981. While being driven around St Peter’s Square four shots were fired by two would-be assassins. One ran away and was never found, but the other, Mehmet Ali Agca, a Turkish Muslim, is still in jail. John Paul II famously met Agca in prison after recovering from the attack, offering him forgiveness. During the week before the papal funeral Agca reportedly asked to attend the Requiem at St Peter’s, but his request was turned down.A key theme of John Paul II’s Pontificate was ecumenical and inter-faith dialogue. Much has been done to heal the split between the Eastern and Western Churches, such as the returning of the relics of great Eastern Patriarchs Saint Gregory of Nazianze and Saint John Chrysostom, which were stolen by crusaders in the Middle Ages. During his 1982 visit to the UK he became the first Pope since the Reformation to meet the Archbishop of Canterbury. The Pope was involved in a number of ecumenical services during his visit—something unthinkable in previous eras. Great crowds, both Catholic and Protestant, followed his every move and there was even talk of union between Rome and Canterbury. This was an historic trip made all the more significant as it took place during the Falklands Crisis. He called for a peaceful end to the conflict, an appeal repeated in a visit to Argentina days later.John Paul II met with senior representatives of all the major religions throughout his papacy, and will be especially remembered for his dialogue with the Jewish and Muslim people. Jews in 1978 were not at all sure what to make of a Polish Pope, yet he has come to symbolise for them much of what is best in Christianity. He was the first Pope to visit a concentration camp, Auschwitz, in 1979, and made history in 1986 by being the first Pope since St Peter to visit and pray in a synagogue, condemning anti-Semitism as “sinful”. He also affirmed the validity of Jewish faith and of God’s covenant with the Jews: “The Jewish religion is not extrinsic to us but in a certain way intrinsic to our own religion. With Judaism, therefore, we have a relationship which we do not have with any other religion. You are our dearly beloved brothers, and, in a certain way, it can be said that you are our elder brothers.” During 2000, the Pope went to Israel. As was his custom, the Pope kissed the soil of the land he was entering and listened to its national anthem. The Pope visited the Western Wall, the last remnant of the Jerusalem Temple and like so many humble Jews before him, he placed a prayer of petition to the God of Israel in a crack between the stones. Dialogue with the Islamic faith too runs through the Pontificate of John Paul II. In his eyes, there should be no hostility between Islam and the Catholic Church. When the Pope hosted the World Day of Prayer for Peace at Assisi, thousands of Muslims accepted his invitation to world religions to observe a day of fasting and prayer for peace. The Pope’s outreach to Islam began with his address to 50,000 young Muslims in the stadium at Casablanca, where King Hussein introduced the Pope to the crowd as “an educator and a defender of values that are shared by Islam and Christianity”.On reaching the doors of St Peter’s I realised what had been going on for the last ten hours. My pilgrimage to pay homage to the Pope had been a tiny reflection of his life of much travelling and physical suffering. How could I possibly complain about ten hours of sore feet, tiredness and hunger, when the Holy Father had suffered from Parkinson’s disease and other ailments for so long? There is an old Polish saying that anyone who dies in the Easter Octave goes straight to heaven, and as I walked passed his body I was sure that John Paul II was already enjoying the fruits of eternal life. I paused and genuflected for a brief moment before being ushered along by the stewards.By the time I left Rome on Wednesday, the queue was reaching well over fifteen hours yet it seemed not to discourage people from joining it. There were at least three separate queues to join the main one, which started at the bottom of the Via della Conciliazione and trailed around the side streets for a couple of miles then heading straight up to St Peter’s Square, before meandering into the Basilica. Watching the crowds on the news back home filled me with great joy, particularly the images from Krakow. Images of thousands of Poles being crowded onto trains to undertake an uncertain journey are usually found in films about the Second World War, but these Poles were undertaking the greatest pilgrimage of their lives — to bid farewell to one of their greatest countrymen.Now the Church looks to the future, with Cardinal Ratzinger to be the new Pontiff, as Pope Benedict XVI. Whatever his plans for the Church, one thing is not in doubt — John Paul II will be difficult to replace.ARCHIVE: 0th week TT 2005last_img read more

Mixed response to Jack Wills deal

first_imgThe decision for Jack Wills to provide the kit for Oxford and Cambridge rugby teams has met with a mixed response among students.For the next five years, Jack Wills supply the apparel for the Oxford–Cambridge Varsity match, and the five Oxford representative teams: the Blues, Greyhounds, U21s, Colleges, and Whippets. There is a possibility that they will also supply kit for college rugby teams in the future.The Varsity Rugby match is features prominently on Jack Wills’ website home page, alongside “The Official Varsity Match After Party” which they are hosting.Oxford University Press Office distanced itself from the Jack Wills’ branding saying, “The kit was chosen by Oxford and Cambridge for its suitability as rugby apparel, not for its branding.”Ronnie Lamb, OURFC Chairman, also emphasized that Jack Wills was chosen based on its strengths as a kit provider. He said, “If they can supply us in the quantities that they are committed to on time with the quality that we have contracted for, I think we will be very happy. Likewise, they will be very happy on the basis that they will gain some kudos from the fact they are kitting out the Oxford and Cambridge teams.“Given that we are going to be supplied by a first class supplier with a very good product I can’t see why we should feel that it is particularly old fashioned or particularly elitist or traditional.”Rob Campbell Davies, a third year PPEist who played fly half for the Colleges team last season, said, “People in Oxford spend far too much time concerning themselves with stash and far too little time with the sports they are actually supposed to do.“Having said that if they try and stick any oars, lacrosse sticks, horses, or references back to the colonial era or any of their other ludicrous branding manoeuvres they try and pull, then I will not be happy, and I’d rather wear my gran’s blouse.”A spokesperson from Jack Wills said, “Jack Wills’ target customer is the British university student and we are therefore delighted to be the official sporting supplier to the 2011 Nomura Varsity Match. Oxford and Cambridge are world class universities and we are proud to be part of this historic sporting event.”last_img read more

Food for Britain to close its doors

first_imgExport consultancy Food from Britain (FFB) is shutting up shop on 31 March, but arrangements have been made to continue supporting British food and drink exporters. From April, any companies interested in export opportunities will need to contact UK Trade & Investment (UKTI).Companies are advised to register on its website – – in order to continue receiving information about any government help on offer.FFB has previously helped many UK businesses tap into the export market, including bakery firms such as Indulgence Patisserie and Walkers Shortbread. UKTI and its partners in the English regions, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland offer a full range of services to food and drink companies.From 1 April, companies in every sector will also be given greater access to funding from UKTI’s Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP). Food and drink firms will be able to apply for up to six grants of up to £1,800 to visit trade fairs overseas, with the proviso that these include at least two different markets.For more information please visit FFB’s website: www.foodfrombritain.comlast_img read more

Remaining BIA finalists are revealed

first_imgBritish Baker is delighted to announce the Baking Industry Awards finalists for the ADM Milling-sponsored Bakery Food Manufacturer of the Year category. Mark Jones of New Primebake, Des Kingsley of Kensey Foods and Sarah Day of Greencore Cakes & Desserts, will join the other finalists at our 1930s-themed event at the Park Lane Hilton, London on Tuesday 8 September. The awards will be hosted by top comedian Ronnie Corbett, with entertainment from two dancers from BBC’s Strictly Come Dancing.Associate sponsors of the event feature a host of top names from the world of bakery. Délifrance is to sponsor the bread rolls; Warburtons, the champagne VIP reception; Muntons, the ballroom dancers; Kluman & Balter, the cracker raffle; Allied Bakeries sponsors the disposable cameras; Bako UK, the champagne table centres; and Nexus Communica-tions on behalf of British Lion Egg Products is to sponsor the egg-based dessert course.Cereform, sponsor of the casino, is offering a fantastic prize – a trip to Burgh Island Hotel in Devon, including Bollinger on arrival, lunch, a cream tea for two, pre-dinner cocktails, and accommodation at the upmarket hotel.Tickets for the event are almost gone, so make sure you don’t miss out by booking your place now. Tickets cost £195 + VAT each, or £1,895 + VAT for tables of 10. To book, contact [email protected] or call 01293 846593.—-=== ADM Milling finalists: Bakery Food Manufacturer of the Year ===New Primebake – Mark JonesKensey Foods – Des KingsleyGreencore Cakes & Desserts – Sarah Daylast_img read more

Recruitment drive for Olympic bakers

first_imgThe London Bread & Cake Company is looking to increase its staff employee numbers by 40% ahead of its work for the London 2012 Olympic Games.The independent wholesale bakery in Edmonton, based just two miles from the Olympics venue, is looking for bakery professionals to join its current 94-employee workforce who are able to work a two-month period, from two weeks before the start of the event. They will help produce freshly baked bread rolls and cakes for the Olympic Games’ contract caterers.David Hall, managing director at The London Bread & Cake Company, said: “We are looking for people from the local area who are reliable and dedicated to the cause. Our current members of staff understand it’s a once in a lifetime opportunity, so are committed to working throughout the period of the Olympics, so this is what we expect from prospective applicants.”The bakery firm also expects to see a 20% increase in business from its existing accounts as a result of the Olympic Games, including hotels, restaurants, airlines and the emergency services.Speaking about why the business was picked to supply baked products to the Olympic Games, Hall added: “I feel it’s because we’re a local business, we’re committed and signed up to social responsibility pledges with the Department of Health, we use a good flour miller which has Red Tractor status, we offer a vast range of fresh and ambient products and have 17 vehicles to help distribute our products throughout London. But ultimately, we do a good job.“It has been a difficult time for the bakery trade as a whole in recent years, but we feel we have bucked the trend in the last 12 months and we’re expecting a 30% increase in turnover by the end of 2012.”last_img read more

Faculty Council meeting — Feb. 14, 2018

first_imgOn Feb. 14 the members of the Faculty Council approved a proposed concentration in environmental science and engineering.  They also discussed proposals regarding neurobiology, the Council on Asian Studies, and early registration.The Council next meets on Feb. 28. The preliminary deadline for the March 6 meeting of the Faculty is Feb. 20 at noon.last_img

US and Brazil Agree on Greater Cooperation in Aviation Technology

first_img The two firms will share information regarding technical aspects of their planes, in order to improve their safety and efficiency, as well as the use of biofuels, among other things. By Dialogo April 11, 2012 This memorandum was signed at the State Department by Brazilian Foreign Minister Antonio Patriota and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, both of whom also signed another memorandum to promote exchanges between the state governments of both countries. Focused on economic and academic cooperation and the world diplomatic agenda, the agreements were signed following the meeting between Obama and Rousseff at the White House. “This significant agreement between two proven aerospace leaders provides real opportunities to reduce customers’ operational costs and enhance fleet efficiency,” stated Jim Albaugh, the president of Boeing. In parallel, they announced that U.S. airplane manufacturer Boeing and Brazilian airplane manufacturer Embraer signed a cooperation agreement to “enhance operational efficiency, safety and productivity” for both firms. The Aviation Partnership Memorandum of Understanding offers a space for dialogue in order to “address aviation sector priorities, including technical cooperation on aviation infrastructure, air transportation, and air traffic management technologies,” according to a White House statement. On April 9, the United States and Brazil signed a memorandum of understanding to promote technical cooperation in aviation, one of several agreements signed to coincide with the meeting between President Barack Obama and President Dilma Rousseff in Washington. Among the other agreements signed between the United States and Brazil on Monday, highlights included one that guarantees food security in Haiti and Honduras, two of the poorest countries in the Americas; one on cooperation in science and technology; and one on student exchanges.last_img read more

Colombian Guerrillas Subdue Indigenous Populations with Maduro’s Support

first_imgBy Julieta Pelcastre/Diálogo April 29, 2020 The Uwottüja people, who live in Venezuela’s Amazonas state, said in a meeting for indigenous communities that the Nicolás Maduro regime does not address their problems and needs. The communities living near the four rivers (Sipapo, Cuao, Autana, and Guayapo) and the mid-Orinoco sector have decided to defend themselves with their own means from the “silent invasion” by organized armed groups and criminal gangs  and practices of illegal activities in their territories, said the nongovernmental organization (NGO) Wataniba, which does socio-environmental work in the Amazon.“We reject illegal mining exploitation inside our territory and the transit of illicit activities, such as narcotrafficking,” the Uwottüja Council of Elders representative said in March in Pendare, Amazonas. The council also urged the regime to “explain why the armed groups claim to have the Venezuelan government’s authorization to remain in the territory.”“This criminal association began with then President Hugo Chávez, who promoted Maduro in collusion with different military institutions. A bad marriage that systematically violates the rights of all the communities where it operates,” Eduardo Varnagy, an academic at the Simón Bolívar University in Caracas, told Diálogo. “The illegal Colombian armed groups are [Maduro’s] great associates in exerting political and social control in the country; they subdue the population by threatening them with weapons.”On March 26, the U.S. Department of Justice charged Maduro and his closest accomplices with narcoterrorism, corruption, and money laundering, in addition to partnering with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC, in Spanish) to export tons of drugs to the United States. The U.S. authorities are offering $15 million for information leading to his arrest.“The FARC can guarantee the armed defense to keep Maduro in power,” said Varnagy. “Also, several fronts of the National Liberation Army [ELN, in Spanish] and the Colombian People’s Liberation Army operate throughout Venezuelan territory.”At least 28 criminal groups, both foreign and national, engage in narcotrafficking, illegal mining, and terrorism, using weapons of the Bolivarian Army, says the Venezuelan human rights NGO Funda Redes. The indigenous populations in the Bolívar and Amazonas states are the most affected, the organization said.“Venezuela has ceased to be a bridge and has become an international hub of criminal operations,” said Varnagy. “All this with the approval and protection of the Maduro regime,” Javier Tarazona, head of Funda Redes, told Diálogo.The native Venezuelans are exposed to the “terror” generated by these armed groups, who seek to impose obedience, with extortion and murder rates that reach extraordinary peaks in some communities, says the report Violence in Southern Venezuela from Belgian NGO International Crisis Group, which works to prevent wars.“Little by little, the FARC and the ELN have begun to exert territorial control in the country, not only in geographical areas, but also in economic activities, where they protect Russian and Chinese mining contracts for gold, coltan, and diamonds,” Varnagy added. “They force indigenous and traditional communities to migrate to safeguard their physical integrity,” Tarazona concluded.last_img read more